creativity is a powerful asset

 

ENVIRONMENTAL PLANNING & SITE ENGINEERING
CASE STUDY

 

OPLAT USA

OFFSHORE INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT PLATFORM PROGRAM
SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA    ·    UNITED STATES OF AMERICA

 

TBNC Edgemon OPAT-USA Edgemon Offshore International Airport Platfrom Programs, San Diego Region, Southern California USA Edgemon Environmental Planners, Site Designers & Engineers USA

 

 

TBNC Edgemon OPLAT-USA Offshore International Airport Platform Program San Diego, California USA Edgemon Environmental Planners, Site Designers & Engineers CSLB 274107

 

TBNC envisions an ocean-based multi-dimensional and multi-purpose infrastructure facility, "To be Named", permanently-moored approximately ten [10] miles offshore San Diego within the Southern California Bight.

This project will solve the air transportation and water challenges that California is facing today. It is in alignment with California's long term plan to protect our ocean while developing needed infrastructure and alternative energies.

Because the location is convenient and boasts ideal aeronautical conditions, The Proposed Facility will fulfill San Diego's critical need for a new international airport – now and for centuries to come.

Creating additional value, the facility will host a desalination plant that, at ten [10] miles offshore in more than 1,200 feet of water, will be free of the negative environmental impacts of a coastal plant.

Clean sustainable ocean energies and an independent, reliable source of fresh water will be produced on site - for the facility and for export. The Proposed Facility will be the greenest, most self-sustaining airport in the world.

Decommissioning Lindbergh's short, single runway will enable "daylighting" of wetlands while removing FAA restrictions on high-rise development. It will eliminate the jet over-flights noise and surface congestion that negatively impacts hundreds of thousands of San Diegans.

Multiple stories beneath the three [3] square mile flight deck, and integral to the structural engineering, ample capacity is made available for infrastructure, industrial, commercial and residential purposes.

Projected to be roughly two hundred million [200,000,000] square feet of "real estate" located at an international airport, being very attractive to private funding. The Proposed Facility promises to be a shining example of Performance Based Infrastructure [PBI].

This unique, synergistic engineering marvel will employ tens of thousands. It will benefit the environment and the everyday lives of millions of Californians.

 

 

 

 

A MORE COMPREHENSIVE TECHNICAL EXHIBITS  PRESENTATION MAY BE REVIEWED
@
OPLAT-USA OFF SITE WEB PRESENCE
@
www.oplat-usa.com


 

 

TBNC Edgemon Oplat-Usa Offshore International Airport & Multi-Dimensional Platform very Near San Diego, California USA Edgemon Environmental Planners, Site Designers & Engineers, protectors of Oceans and The Seas

BENEFITS TO THE REGIONAL COMMUNITY

   
TBNC Edgemon Oplat Usa Edgemon Offshore International Airport Platfrom Program San Diego, California USA Edgemon Environmental Planners, Site Designers & Engineers CSLB  CA 274107

Dual >12,000' CAT III OPS cementitious runways, fulfilling the "Regional Needs" as identified by the San Diego County Regional Airport Authority [SDCRAA]*.

TBNC Edgemon Oplat Usa Edgemon Offshore International Airport Platfrom Program San Diego, California USA Edgemon Environmental Planners, Site Designers & Engineers CSLB  CA 274107

24/7/365 all weather operations and absence of approach terrain constraints supports all air carrier requirements, including Airbus® A380™.

TBNC Edgemon Oplat Usa Edgemon Offshore International Airport Platfrom Program San Diego, California USA Edgemon Environmental Planners, Site Designers & Engineers CSLB  CA 274107

Multi-modal interconnectivity with commuter air, rotary wing, sea ferry and high-speed light rail elements.

TBNC Edgemon Oplat Usa Edgemon Offshore International Airport Platfrom Program San Diego, California USA Edgemon Environmental Planners, Site Designers & Engineers CSLB  CA 274107

Environmentally sound "proof of concept" and "state of the art" technologies.

TBNC Edgemon Oplat Usa Edgemon Offshore International Airport Platfrom Program San Diego, California USA Edgemon Environmental Planners, Site Designers & Engineers CSLB  CA 274107

Provision for an exponential expansion of sea life as validated by numerous artificial reef programs.

TBNC Edgemon Oplat Usa Edgemon Offshore International Airport Platfrom Program San Diego, California USA Edgemon Environmental Planners, Site Designers & Engineers CSLB  CA 274107

Premier site facility in support of large-scale sea water desalination and the conduit delivery to the Southern California mainland.

TBNC Edgemon Oplat Usa Edgemon Offshore International Airport Platfrom Program San Diego, California USA Edgemon Environmental Planners, Site Designers & Engineers CSLB  CA 274107

Generous desalinated water reservoir capacity within the platform structural ballast system.

TBNC Edgemon Oplat Usa Edgemon Offshore International Airport Platfrom Program San Diego, California USA Edgemon Environmental Planners, Site Designers & Engineers CSLB  CA 274107

Premier site facility in support of emerging technologies wave and tidal flow [hydrokinetic] energy generation and the conduit delivery to the Southern California mainland.

TBNC Edgemon Oplat Usa Edgemon Offshore International Airport Platfrom Program San Diego, California USA Edgemon Environmental Planners, Site Designers & Engineers CSLB  CA 274107

Low profile horizon exposure similar to cruise ship silhouette.

TBNC Edgemon Oplat Usa Edgemon Offshore International Airport Platfrom Program San Diego, California USA Edgemon Environmental Planners, Site Designers & Engineers CSLB  CA 274107

Ample site space in support of resorts, hotels, convention facilities and conference centers, theaters, theme parks, educational and research campuses, fine dining, recreation and housing.

TBNC Edgemon Oplat Usa Edgemon Offshore International Airport Platfrom Program San Diego, California USA Edgemon Environmental Planners, Site Designers & Engineers CSLB  CA 274107

Ample site capacities in support of Mariculture and Aquiculture industries.

TBNC Edgemon Oplat Usa Edgemon Offshore International Airport Platfrom Program San Diego, California USA Edgemon Environmental Planners, Site Designers & Engineers CSLB  CA 274107

Creation of a World Class Iconic Destination Resort [WCIDR].

TBNC Edgemon Oplat Usa Edgemon Offshore International Airport Platfrom Program San Diego, California USA Edgemon Environmental Planners, Site Designers & Engineers CSLB  CA 274107

Creation of abundant commercial opportunities and the subsequent significant employment/ jobs expansion.

TBNC Edgemon Oplat Usa Edgemon Offshore International Airport Platfrom Program San Diego, California USA Edgemon Environmental Planners, Site Designers & Engineers CSLB  CA 274107

Functional useful life in excess of one hundred [100] years.

TBNC Edgemon Oplat Usa Edgemon Offshore International Airport Platfrom Program San Diego, California USA Edgemon Environmental Planners, Site Designers & Engineers CSLB  CA 274107

Massive bulk scale of platform unaffected by tsunami and/or seismic events, or rare cyclonic wind conditions.

TBNC Edgemon Oplat Usa Edgemon Offshore International Airport Platfrom Program San Diego, California USA Edgemon Environmental Planners, Site Designers & Engineers CSLB  CA 274107

The displacement of the air traffic overflight and noise impacts upon the San Diego metroplex.

 

***  The San Diego County Regional Airport Authority [SDCRAA], summarizing exhaustive studies has opined in the absence of a second runway at Lindbergh Field, developed to the requirements of International Flag Carriers, the San Diego Region experiences a negative economic impact in the tens of billions of dollars.

 

 

DEMONSTRATED NEED

TBNC Edgemon Offshore International Airport Platform Program San Diego Region, Southern California Region, USA Edgemon Environmental Planners, Site Designers & Engineers Edgemon California

 

TBNC Edgemon Oplat USA Offshore International Airport Platform Program USA @ San Diego Region, Edgemon Environmental Planners, Site Designers & Engineers, edgemon Opat-USA

REPRESENTATIONAL AIR TRAFFIC CONTROL PROCEDURES AT SAN DIEGO INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT [SDIA]

SDIA has only one runway, requiring aircraft to depart to the west, or the east, depending on the surface wind direction. Prevailing westerly winds dictate that aircraft depart using Runway 27 [over the ocean] approximately ninety-five [95%] percent of the time. East departures [over Balboa Park] occur less than five [5%] percent of the time [usually during periods of Santa Ana type winds or inclement weather].

Air carrier aircraft departing SDIA to the west are normally assigned [by FAA air traffic personnel] a magnetic compass heading of either 275 degrees or 290 degrees [northwest] depending on the destination airport. For example, for Runway 27 departures aircraft landing at Los Angeles, San Francisco, and airports west and northwest of San Diego, aircraft are usually assigned an initial departure heading of 290 degrees; a "right turn" of approximately fifteen [15] degrees after takeoff. Aircraft destined for Phoenix, Denver, Dallas and airports east of San Diego receive an initial heading of 275 degrees; a "straight out" departure.

The number of aircraft using each route varies depending on airline schedules and FAA air traffic controllers' discretions, but historically has often been close to a 50/50 split. There are no ground based navigational aids usable for providing departing aircraft precision guidance over the ground.

 

 

TBNC Edgemon Oplat-Usa Offshore International Airport Platform Program San Diego Region, Southern California USA Edgemon Environmental Planners, Site Desgners & Engineers, edgemon CSLB 274107

Visit The Wikipedia Free Encyclopedia Web Presence Off Site
@
www.wikipedia.org

SAN DIEGO  ·   CALIFORNIA  ·   UNITED STATES OF AMERICA

San Diego is the eighth-largest city in the United States and second-largest city in California.

The city is located on the coast of the Pacific Ocean in Southern California, immediately adjacent to the Mexican border. The birthplace of California, San Diego is known for its mild year-round climate, natural deep-water harbor, extensive beaches, long association with the United States Navy, and recent emergence as a healthcare and biotechnology enclave.

The population was 1,301,617 at the 2010 census.

Historically home to the Kumeyaay people, San Diego was the first site visited by Europeans on what is now the West Coast of the United States. Upon landing in San Diego Bay in 1542, Juan Cabrillo claimed the entire area for Spain, forming the basis for the settlement of Alta California 200 years later. The Presidio and Mission of San Diego, founded in 1769, were the first European settlement in what is now California. In 1821, San Diego became part of newly independent Mexico, and in 1850, became part of the United States following the Mexican-American War and the admission of California to the union.

The city is the county seat of San Diego County and is the economic center of the San Diego–Carlsbad–San Marcos metropolitan area as well as the San Diego–Tijuana metropolitan area.

San Diego's main economic engines are military and defense-related activities, tourism, international trade, and manufacturing. The presence of the University of California, San Diego (UCSD), with the affiliated UCSD Medical Center, has helped make the area a center of research in biotechnology.

 

SAN DIEGO GEOGRAPHY

The city of San Diego lies on deep canyons and hills separating its mesas, creating small pockets of natural parkland scattered throughout the city and giving it a hilly geography.

Traditionally, San Diegans have built their homes and businesses on the mesas, while leaving the canyons relatively wild. Thus, the canyons give parts of the city a segmented feel, creating gaps between otherwise proximate neighborhoods and contributing to a low-density, car-centered environment.

The San Diego River runs through the middle of San Diego from east to west, creating a river valley which serves to divide the city into northern and southern segments. Several reservoirs and Mission Trails Regional Park also lie between and separate developed areas of the city.

Notable peaks within the city limits include Cowles Mountain, the highest point in the city at 1,593 feet [486 m]; Black Mountain at 1,558 feet [475 m; and Mount Soledad at 824 feet [251 m].

The Cuyamaca Mountains and Laguna Mountains rise to the east of the city, and beyond the mountains are desert areas. The Cleveland National Forest is a half-hour drive from downtown San Diego. Numerous farms are found in the valleys northeast and southeast of the city.

 

THE CULTURAL CHARACTER OF SAN DIEGO

Many popular museums, such as the San Diego Museum of Art, the San Diego Natural History Museum, the San Diego Museum of Man, and the Museum of Photographic Arts are located in Balboa Park. The Museum of Contemporary Art San Diego [MCASD] is located in La Jolla and has a branch located at the Santa Fe Depot downtown.

The Columbia district downtown is home to historic ship exhibits belonging to the San Diego Maritime Museum, headlined by the Star of India, as well as the unrelated San Diego Aircraft Carrier Museum featuring the USS Midway aircraft carrier.

The San Diego Symphony at Symphony Towers performs on a regular basis and is directed by Jahja Ling. The San Diego Opera at Civic Center Plaza, directed by Ian Campbell, was ranked by Opera America as one of the top ten [10] opera companies in the United States.

The Old Globe Theatre at Balboa Park produces about fifteen [15] plays and musicals annually. The La Jolla Playhouse at UCSD is directed by Christopher Ashley. Both the Old Globe Theatre and the La Jolla Playhouse have produced the world premieres of plays and musicals that have gone on to win Tony Awards or nominations on Broadway. The Joan B. Kroc Theatre at Kroc Center's Performing Arts Center is a six hundred [600] seat state-of-the-art theatre that hosts music, dance, and theatre performances. The San Diego Repertory Theatre at the Lyceum Theatres in Horton Plaza produces a variety of plays and musicals.

Other professional theatrical production companies include the Lyric Opera San Diego and the Starlight Musical Theatre. Hundreds of movies and a dozen TV shows have been filmed in San Diego, a tradition going back as far as 1898.

 

 

SITE PLACEMENT [DRAFT] STUDIES
OFFSHORE INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT PLATFORM PROGRAM USA

 

STUDY ABSTRACT

Determine, illustrate and support the conceptual planning site placement of the Offshore Airport Platform [OPLAT]
encompassing the following elements;

 

 

Existing and recognized San Diego Region FAA Air Traffic Controlled airspace environment including enroute, arrival and departure corridor.

Existing and proposed aircraft noise signature, including surface generated, arrival, departure and enroute.

Proposed horizon view line exposure.

Multimodal interconnectivity systems, including high speed light rail submerged tunnel [HSLRST].

Multimodal interconnectivity systems, including sea ferry vessel, cruiseline, commuter air linkages and other projected applications.

 

 

TBNC Edgemon Oplat-USA Offshore International Airport Platform Program, San Diego Region, Southern California USA Edgemon Environmental Planners, Site Designers & Engineers California Edgemon

 

 

The Ten Busiest Airspaces In The United States
July 10th, 2011  ·  By Matthew Van Dusen

© General Electric 2011.  All Rights Reserved

 

BUSIEST AIRSPACE IN THE UNITED STATES
SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA

Aircraft Operations 2010: 1,954,000

The gargantuan air traffic control center in SoCal deals with sixty-two [62] separate airports, from giants like Los Angeles International to smaller strips like Bob Hope Airport in Burbank. It’s arguably the busiest airspace in the entire world, with poetic air traffic controllers committed to “this complex ballet we call air traffic control.”

For a few years now, Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International has been the busiest airport in the world in several categories, serving about 90 million passengers and 950,000 aircraft last year. But that doesn't mean the air above Atlanta is the busiest in the U.S. That distinction goes to Southern California’s skies, which are dotted with aircraft bound for sixty-two [62] separate airports.

The most crowded skies in the U.S. are around population centers but not necessarily at the biggest airports — Atlanta ranks fifth [5th] on the list. Megacities like New York, no. two [2] on the list, are served by many airports. So, to take a more accurate census of the sky, we looked past the airports, to the airspace controlled by the FAA’s Terminal Radar Approach Controls. The so-called TRACONs are air traffic control facilities that guide aircraft approaching or leaving large cities — they’re an intermediate step between an airport’s tower and the wild blue yonder. The FAA records [pdf] every time an aircraft passes through these spaces. It’s not a perfect measure, but it’s a good broad indicator of traffic.

These stretches of sky stand to benefit most from FAA’s Next Generation project, which will replace 1950s radar technology with satellite-based navigation and could move higher volumes of planes much more efficiently.

 

 

GEOMORPHOLOGY ELEMENTS ASSOCIATED WITH CONCEPTUAL SITE PLACEMENT CHARACTERISTICS
Representational Study Component

TBNC Edgemon Oplat-Usa Offshore International Airport San Diego, California USA Edgemon Environmental Planners, Site Designers & Engineers, Construction Managers Edgemon CSLB 274107 USA

Geomorphology [from Greek: "earth"; "form"; and logos, "study"] is the scientific study of landforms and the processes that shape them. Geomorphologists seek to understand why landscapes look the way they do, to understand landform history and dynamics, and to predict future changes through a combination of field observation, physical experiment, and numerical modeling. Geomorphology is practiced within geography, geology, geodesy, engineering geology, archaeology, and geotechnical engineering, and this broad base of interest contributes to a wide variety of research styles and interests within the field.

The form of the Earth's surface evolves in response to a combination of natural and anthropogenic processes, and responds to the balance between processes that add material and those that remove it. Such processes may act across very many lengthscales and timescales. On the broadest scales, the landscape is built up through tectonic uplift and volcanism. Denudation occurs by erosion and mass wasting, which produces sediment that is transported and deposited elsewhere within the landscape or off the coast. On progressively smaller scales, similar ideas apply, where individual landforms evolve in response to the balance of additive [tectonic or sedimentary] and subtractive [erosive] processes. Modern geomorphology can be thought of as the study of the divergence of fluxes of material on a planetary surface, and as such is closely allied with sedimentology, which can equally be seen as the convergence of that flux.

 

 

Geomorphic processes are influenced by tectonics, climate, ecology, and human activity, and equally, many of these drivers can be affected by the ongoing evolution of the Earth's surface, for example, via isostasy or orographic precipitation. Many geomorphologists are particularly interested in the potential for feedbacks between climate and tectonics mediated by geomorphic processes.

Practical applications of geomorphology include hazard assessment [such as landslide prediction and mitigation], river control and restoration, and coastal protection.

There is a considerable overlap between geomorphology and other fields. Deposition of material is extremely important in sedimentology. Weathering is the chemical and physical disruption of earth materials in place on exposure to atmospheric or near surface agents, and is typically studied by soil scientists and environmental chemists, but is an essential component of geomorphology because it is what provides the material that can be moved in the first place. Civil and Environmental Engineers are concerned with erosion and sediment transport, especially related to canals, slope stability [and natural hazards], water quality, coastal environmental management, transport of contaminants, and stream restoration.

 

 

REPRESENTATIONAL STUDY ELEMENTS
TBNC OPLAT CONCEPTUAL SITE SELECTION DRAFT 2010 - 2017

TBNC Edgemon OPLAT-USA Edgemon Offshore International Airport Platform Program San Diego Region, Southern California USA Edgemon Environmental Planners, Site Designers & Engineers, Edgemon CSLB 274107 California USA

 

REPRESENTATIONAL AIRCRAFT NOISE SIGNATURE CONSISTANCIES
CONCEPTUAL SITE PLANNING ACOUSTICAL CONSIDERATIONS

The Federal Aviation Administration [FAA] provides noise classifications on various types of aircraft under the standards established in Federal Aviation Regulations [FAR] Part 36. Aircraft may be certificated as Stage 1, Stage 2, or Stage 3 based on its noise level, weight, number of engines and in some cases, the number of passengers. Stage 1 aircraft, the oldest and noisiest aircraft [e.g., B.707] are no longer permitted to operate in the United States. Stage 2 aircraft include aircraft models such as the B.737-200, B.727, and DC-9 aircraft. Stage 2 aircraft have been phased out of the United States' commercial air carrier fleet as of January 1, 2000. Stage 3 aircraft are the newer, generally quieter aircraft [e.g., B.737-300, B.757, B.767, A.320 and MD 80/90 aircraft, among a multitude of others].

Stage 3 aircraft may also include aircraft that were Stage 2 when manufactured, but have since been fitted with "hush kits" or have been re-engined and re-certified to meet the Stage 3 noise standards. Although aircraft meeting Stage 3 standards are noticeably quieter than many of the older aircraft, the regulations make no determination that such aircraft are acceptably quiet for operation at any given airport.
To implement the Airport Noise and Capacity Act [ANCA], the FAA amended FAR Part 91 and issued a new FAR Part 161. FAR Part 91 addresses the phase-out of large Stage 2 aircraft and the phase-in of Stage 3 aircraft. Part 161 establishes a stringent review and approval process governing the implementation of local airport use or access restrictions by airport proprietors.

The California Airport Noise Standards [Standards[ state that the basis for the acceptable level of aircraft noise for persons living in the vicinity of airports is a Community Noise Equivalent Level [CNEL] of 65 decibels. In addition, the Standards state that no proprietor of a "noise problem" airport shall operate an airport with a noise impact area of 65 decibels CNEL unless the operator has applied for and received a Variance from the California Airport Noise Standards. The Aeronautics Division of the California State Department of Transportation [CALTRANS], enforces the California Airport Noise Regulations. SDIA is one of ten California airports subject to the "noise problem airport" requirements. These regulations establish 65 dB CNEL as a noise impact boundary within which there shall be no incompatible land uses. This requirement is based, in part, upon the determination in the CALTRANS regulations that 65 dB CNEL is the level of noise which should be acceptable to "... a reasonable person residing in the vicinity of an airport." Airports are responsible for achieving compliance with these regulations. Airports not in compliance must operate under variance procedures established within the regulations. SDIA has received eight such variances to operate since the late 1970s. As of January 2007, there are approximately 10,000 dwelling units and 23,000 persons residing in the SDIA noise impacted area.

 

 

REPRESENTATIONAL STUDY EXHIBITS
PROTOTYPICAL LINDBERGH FIELD ARRIVAL & DEPARTURE CHARTS
THREE OF MULTIPLE SERVING AIR TRAFFIC CONTROL [ATC]

TBNC Edgemon USA Offshore International Airport Platform Program, San Diego Region, Southern California USA Edgemon Environmental Planners, Site Designers & Enginners, Construction Managers Edgemon CSLB 274107

SHAMU ONE ARRIVAL
SAN DIEGO INTERNATIONAL [SAN]

BAYVU ONE ARRIVAL  [RNAV]
SAN DIEGO INTERNATIONAL [SAN]

POGGI TWO DEPARTURE  [RNAV]
SAN DIEGO INTERNATIONAL [SAN]

 

Federal Aviation Regulations [FAR] defines IFR as: “Rules and regulations established by the FAA to govern flight under conditions in which flight by outside visual reference is not safe. IFR flight depends upon flying by reference to instruments in the flight deck, and navigation is accomplished by reference to electronic signals. It is also referred to as, “a term used by pilots and controllers to indicate the type of flight plan an aircraft is flying,” such as an IFR or VFR flight plan.

Instrument flight rules permit an aircraft to operate in instrument meteorological conditions [IMC], which have much lower weather minimums than VFR. Procedures and training are significantly more complex as a pilot must demonstrate competency in conducting an entire cross-country flight in IMC conditions, while controlling the aircraft solely by reference to instruments.

As compared to VFR flight, instrument pilots must meticulously evaluate weather, create a very detailed flight plan based around specific instrument departure, en route, and arrival procedures, and dispatch the flight. Once airborne, the IFR pilot is then challenged to fly the aircraft in the same air traffic control [ATC] environment and weather systems that two-crew jet aircraft are using at the same time.

Airspace means the portion of the atmosphere controlled by a country above its territory, including its territorial waters or, more generally, any specific three-dimensional portion of the atmosphere.

 

Controlled airspace exists where it is deemed necessary that air traffic control has some form of positive executive control over aircraft flying in that airspace [however, Air traffic control does not necessarily control traffic operating under visual flight rules within this airspace].

Uncontrolled airspace is airspace in which air traffic control does not exert any executive authority, although it may act in an advisory manner.

Airspace may be further subdivided into a variety of areas and zones, including those where there are either restrictions on flying activities or complete prohibition of flying activities.

TBNC Edgemon OPLAT-USA Offshore International Airport Platform Program San Diego Region, Southern California USA Edgemon Environmental Planners, Site Designers & Engineers, Construction Managers  Edgemon CA  CSLB 274107

 

By international law, the notion of a country's sovereign airspace corresponds with the maritime definition of territorial waters as being twelve [12] nautical miles [22.2 km] out from a nation's coastline. Airspace not within any country's territorial limit is considered international, analogous to the "high seas" in maritime law. However, a country may, by international agreement, assume responsibility for controlling parts of international airspace, such as those over the oceans. For instance, the United States provides air traffic control services over a large part of the Pacific Ocean, even though the airspace is international.

There is no international agreement on the vertical extent of sovereign airspace [the boundary between outer space— which is not subject to national jurisdiction— and national airspace], with suggestions ranging from about 30 km [19 miles] [the extent of the highest aircraft and balloons] to about 160 km [99 miles] [the lowest extent of short-term stable orbits].

The Fédération Aéronautique Internationale has established the Kármán line, at an altitude of 100 km [62 miles], as the boundary between the Earth's atmosphere and the outer space, while the United States considers anyone who has flown above fifty [50] miles [80 km] to be an astronaut; indeed descending space shuttles have flown closer than 80 km [50 miles] over other nations, such as Canada, without requesting permission first. Nonetheless both the Kármán line and the U.S. definition are merely working benchmarks, without any real legal authority over matters of national sovereignty.

 

 

TERRITORIAL WATERS EXHIBIT

Territorial waters, or a territorial sea, as defined by the 1982 United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, is a belt of coastal waters extending at most twelve [12] nautical miles [22 km; 14 miles] from the baseline [usually the mean low-water mark] of a coastal state.

The territorial sea is regarded as the sovereign territory of the state, although foreign ships [both military and civilian] are allowed innocent passage through it; this sovereignty also extends to the airspace over and seabed below.

The term "territorial waters" is also sometimes used informally to describe any area of water over which a state has jurisdiction, including internal waters, the contiguous zone, the exclusive economic zone and potentially the continental shelf.


STUDY CREDIT

TBNC Edgemon Oplat-Usa Offshore International Airport Platform Program San Diego Region, Southern California USA Edgemon Environmental Planners, Site Designers & Engineers, Construction Managers  CSLB 274107 Edgemon

 

 

 

 

PROTOTYPICAL KNOWN OFFSHORE INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT FACILITIES
COMPARATIVE STUDIES


STUDY CREDIT

A Floating airport is an airport built and situated on a very large floating structure [VLFS] located many miles out at sea utilizing a flotation type of device or devices such as Pneumatic Stabilized Platform (PSP) and/or Semisubmersible Ballast Platform technology.

As the population increases and land becomes more expensive and scarce, very large floating structures [VLFS] such as floating airports could help solve land use, air pollution and aircraft noise issues.

In theory, issues and problems of land-based airports could be minimized by locating airports several miles off the coast. Takeoffs and landings would be over water, not over populated areas, thereby eliminating noise pollution and reducing risks of aircraft crashes to the land-locked population.

TBNC Edgemon Oplat-Usa The Official Offshore International Airport Platform program, Near San Diego, California USA Edgemon Environmental Planners, Site Designers, Enginners & Construction Mangers, California CSLB 274107 CA

 

Since little of the ocean's surface is currently being used for human activity, growth and alterations in configuration would be relatively easy to achieve with minimal impact to the environment or to local residents who would utilize the airport. Water taxis or other high speed surface vessels would be a part of an offshore mass transit system that could connect the floating airport to coastal communities and minimize traffic issues.

A floating structure, such as a floating airport, is theorized to have less impact on the environment than the land-based alternative. It would not require much, if any, dredging or moving of mountains or clearing of green space and the floating structure provides a reef-like environment conducive to marine life. In theory, wave energy could be harnessed, using the structure to convert waves into energy to help sustain the energy needs of the airport.

 

TBNC Edgemon Oplat-USA Significant Offshore International Airport & Multi-Dimensional Platform program Mega-Float Proof of Concept Edgemon Environmental Planners, Site Designers & Engineers San Diego, California USA 274107 CSLB

 

PROTOTYPICAL BUILT STRUCTURE

TBNC Edgemon Oplat-USA Mega-Float Proof of Concept Support Oplat-USA Offshore International Airport & Multi-Dimensional Platform Near San Diego, California USA Edgemon Environmental Planners, Site Designers & Engineers & Protectors of The Oceans & The Seas

Off Yokosuka City    ·    Kanagawa Prefecture

 

"Mega-Float" is a word created by combining "mega" meaning in Greek gigantic, with the English word "float"; and it means a very large floating structure [VLFS].

Length:  1000m x Width: 60m
Structure Cellular Depth: 3m

 

 

Mega-Float involved building and artificial body of "land" [structural component] in a calm, shallow oceans water test environment of approximately thirty-three [33m] meters in depth, by connecting a series of steel boxes called floating units".

Compared to landfill methodology, Mega-Float is less noisy, has fewer safety problems, is less environmentally impacting, and cost much less.

Existing facilities may be easily expanded while the facilities are fully operational and they are almost always unaffected by seismic activity.

The Mega-Float concept may support the development of "land bodies" of any length, and being moored to the sea bed remain in a specific site location.

 

TBNC Edgemon OPLAT-USA The Very Official Offshore International Airport Platform program, Very Near San Diego, Southern California USA Edgemon Environmental Planners, Site Desgners & Engineers, Construction managers Edgemon CSLB 274107

 

Open Ocean / Open Seas may be utilized regardless of the water body depth or seabed soils conditions.

Seismic Activity has virtually no impact upon VLFS.

VLFS have negligible impact upon the natural environment.

Construction cost and time elements are not affected by the sea depth.

Existing facilities may be easily extended and expanded, and it is feasible to relocate a VLFS to another site.

TBNC Edgemon oplat-usa San Diego Region, Official One and Only Offshore International Airport Platform by Edgemon Environmental Planners, Site Designers & Engineers, Construction Managers, edgemon CSLB 274107 CA

 

 

 

 

VLFS STUDY EXHIBIT
CURRENT PROJECT IN PLANNING   -  UNITED STATES OF AMERICA

THE PORTUNUS PROJECT

Future U.S. ports could be located in the ocean, twenty [20] to forty [40] miles from shore, under the proposed Portunus project.

The off-shore port concept would allow cargo to be inspected far away from cities as one way to increase homeland security.

TBNC Edgemon Oplat-Usa Offshore International Airport Platform Program Very Near San Diego, Southern California USA a project senior to Portunas LLNL Edgemon Environmental Planners, Site Designers & Engineers, Construction Managers California CSLB  274107
Illustration by Mark McDanial / LLNL

TBNC Edgemon Oplat-Usa Portunus Project Support Credits Offshore International Airport Platform program, Very Near San Diego, California USA Edgemon Environmental Planners, Site Designers & Engineers, Construction Managers Edgemon OPLAT USA 274107

 

Further Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory [LLNL] Data May be Visit Off Site
@
https://newsline.llnl.gov/_rev02/articles/2010/jul/07.02.10-ports.php

 

By Stephen Wampler
Newsline Staff Writer

In another decade or two, ports in the United States may never be the same.

While today’s ports that serve huge ocean-going ships are located near major coastal cities of the United States, tomorrow’s ports may be strategically sited in a new location — in the ocean 20 to 40 miles away from shore.

The concept of cargo inspections at off-shore ports in the middle of the ocean has arisen since 9/11 as one way to increase homeland security and to counter the threat of radiation dispersal devices [RDDs] or improvised explosive devices [IEDs]. Ships could be inspected or unloaded before they steam near U.S. cities.

Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory 7000 East Avenue, Livermore, CA 94550
Operated by Lawrence Livermore National Security, LLC, for the Department of Energy's National Nuclear Security Administration

 

 

Kansai International

OSAKA - JAPAN

With the opening of the second runway in August 2007, Kansai International is fully operational twenty-four [24] hours a day.

With the opening of the second runway Kansai International Airport is assured of providing around the clock and unlimited service.

TBNC Edgemon Opalt-Usa Sn Diego Offshore International Airport Platform, More Substantial Than Kansai & Not on Dirt, Edgemon Environmental Planners, Site Designers & Engineers, Construction Managers California USA

 

Due to its origins as a town of merchants, Osaka has always attached special importance to "hospitality" towards customers and visitors. This is also true for Kansai International Airport, a gateway to western Japan serving many people.

Since its opening in 1994 Kansai International Airport has continued to serve visitors from all over the world. Today, the airport is connected to seventy-one [71] cities in thirty-one [31] countries and regions of the world, serving over sixteen million [16mil] passengers annually.

 

 

TBNC Edgemon USA-OPLAT Offshore International Airport Platform Program San Diego, California  USA Edgemon Environmental Planners, Site Designers & Engineers, Construction Managers California CSLB 274107 Edgemon,    dooood

CHUBU CENTRAIR

Nagoya  ·  Japan

Centrair opened on February 17, 2005, one [1] month prior to the opening of the Aichi Exposition.

Prior to its opening, the Central Region of Japan, known as "Chubu Region" had Nagoya Airport located in the north of Nagoya City.

Chubu is one of Japan's major economic regions with with a population of approximately twenty-two [22,000,000] million people. It also accounts for about eighteen [18%] percent of the GDP of Japan.

There are numerous world-leading companies and production bases in this region, boosting demand for passenger and cargo air carrier traffic.

However, the capacity of Nagoya Airport could not meet the increasing demand. Centrair was constructed by a strong request from the local people and enterprises who had long awaited a twenty-four [24] hour operated airport with wider space for a cargo terminal and long runway for long-haul flights.

Centrair is constructed and managed by Central Japan international Airport Co. Ltd, half of which shares are controlled by private sectors.

 

TBNC Edgemon oplat-usa San Diego Region's Offshore International Airport Platfrom, Kewl, Edgemon Environmental Planners, Site Designers, Engineers & Construction Managers California CSLB  274107 USA

 

 

 

VERY LARGE FLOATING STRUCTURES [VLFS] EXHIBITS


STUDY CREDIT

Very large floating structure(s) [VLFS] or, as some literature refers to them, very large floating platform(s) [VLFP]) can be constructed to create floating airports, bridges, breakwaters, piers and docks, storage facilities [for oil & natural gas], wind and solar power plants, for military purposes, to create industrial space, emergency bases, entertainment facilities [such as casinos], recreation parks, mobile offshore structures and even for habitation.

VLFS for habitation could become reality sooner than one may expect. Currently, different concepts have been proposed for building floating cities or huge living complexes

Pontoon-type VLFS' are also known in the literature as mat-like VLFSs because of their small draft in relation to the length dimensions. Very large pontoon-type floating structure is often called Mega-Floats. As a rule, the Mega-Float is a floating structure having at least one length dimension greater than sixty [60] meters.

Horizontally large floating structures can be from five hundred [500] to five thousand [5000] meters in length and one hundred [100] to one thousand [1000] meters in width, while their thickness can be of the order of about two [2] up to ten [10] meters.

TBNC Edgemon Oplat-Usa Offshore International VLFS Offshore irport Program at San Diego Region, Southern California USA Edgemon Environmental Planners, Site Designers & Engineers, Construction managers CSLB 274107 Edgemon USA

Thunder Horse is the largest moored semisubmersible oil platform in the world, located in 1,920 metres [6,300 feet] of water in the Mississippi Canyon Block 778/822, Thunder Horse Oilfield, approximately one hundred fifty [150] miles [241 km] southeast of New Orleans, Louisiana in the Gulf of Mexico.

Construction cost was approximately one billion [$ 1,000,000,000.] dollars US.

The facility is expected to operate for twenty-five [25] years producing approximately one billion [1,000,000,000] barrels of oil. At its peak, it is expected to process two hundred million [200mcf] cubic feet [5,700,000 m3] of natural gas and two hundred fifty thousand [250,000] barrels [40,000 m3] of oil equivalent per day.

The Thunder Horse Platform is owned by BP® [75%} and ExxonMobil® [25%], and operated by BP®.

The Hull Section was constructed by DSME in South Korea and was delivered in 2004 to Corpus Christi, Texas [birthplaces of Tom Edgemon] aboard MV Blue Marlin for site completion. Thunder Horse was completed at Kiewit Offshore services in nearby Ingleside, Texas, USA.

Daewoo's Shipbuilding and Marine Engineering Division Manufactured the Semisubmersible Hull and Drilling Rig for a floating production, drilling and Quarters [housing] {PDQ] Platform. Construction was completed at Okpo in South Korea after Daewoo won a three hundred eighty million [$ 380,000,000.] dollar US contract for the work in November 2001.

The one hundred twenty thousand [120,000] deadweight ton hull was designed by GVA Consultants of Sweden, which Haliburton purchased from British Marine Technology.

The Thunder Horse hull is based on the four-leg semisubmersible design previously produced by GVA for the Visund Field in Norway.

In Morgan City, Louisiana J. Ray McDermott dedicated its complete facility site to build process topside modules for the Thunder Horse PDQ and for the three [3] spars for Altantis, Holstein and Mad Dog in a six hundred million [$ 600,000,000.] dollar US deal.

Some of the other major project contracts were awarded to Sulzer for pumps and to GE® [General Electric] for platform turbines. Kiewit Contractors, which previously provided construction managemental on the Hibernia gravity base structure, was responsible for heavy lift deck and hull integration on Thunder Horse while Heerema Marine Contractors installed the platform in 2005.

 

 

TBNC Edgemon Oplat-Usa Offshote International Airport Platform Program, San Diego Region, Southern California USA Edgemon Environmental Planners, Site Designers & Engiineers, Construction Management Edgemon CSLB 274107

CHEVRON PLANS NEW FLOATING CITY

Chevron Corp. has approved a $7.5 Billion [US] project to develop two deep-water fields in the outer rim of the Gulf of Mexico, marking one of the oil and gas industry’s biggest investments ever in the U.S. offshore area and a big vote for the future of the region after the BP oil spill.

The decision on the Jack and St. Malo fields, which comes seven years after the first discovery there, sets in motion a sweeping effort to design and build a massive floating city about two hundred eighty [280] miles southwest of New Orleans that is expected to produce its first barrels of crude oil in 2014.

 

 

TBNC Edgemon Oplat-Usa Offshore International Airport Platform Program Edgemon Environmental Planners, Site Designers & Engineers, Construction Managers California CSLB 274107

 

 

TBNC Edgemon Oplat-USA Offshore International Airport Platform Program, Multi-Dimensional & Multiple Purpose San Diego Region, California, USA Edgemon Environmental Planners, Site Designers & Engineers, Edgemon CSLB 274107 California

 

 

ZONING & LAND USE STUDIES
OFFSHORE INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT PLATFORM PROGRAM USA 


STUDY CREDIT

Zoning is a device of land use planning used by local Governmental Agencies in most developed countries.

The word is derived from the practice of designating permitted uses of land based on mapped zones which separate one set of land uses from another. Zoning may be use-based [regulating the uses to which land may be put], or it may regulate building height, lot coverage, and similar characteristics, or some combination of these.

Similar urban planning methods have dictated the use of various areas for particular purposes in many cities from ancient times.

 

TBNC Edgemon Oplat-Usa San Diego Region, Southern California Spatial & Land Use Zoning Applications, Edgemon Environmental Planners, Site Designers & Engineers, Construction Managers CSLB 274107 Edgemon California

 

Theoretically, the primary purpose of zoning is to segregate uses that are thought to be incompatible. In practice, zoning is used to prevent new development from interfering with existing residents or businesses and to preserve the "character" of a community.

 

TBNC Edgemon Oplat-Usa Significant Wonder Offshore International Airport Platform, Southern California USA, Edgemon Environmental Planners, Site Designers & Engineers, Construction Managers Edgemon California 274107 USA

OPLAT OFFSHORE AIRPORT PLATFORM
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA

Zoning is commonly controlled by local governments such as counties or municipalities, though the nature of the zoning regime may be determined or limited by state or national planning authorities or through enabling legislation.

In Australia, land under the control of the Commonwealth [federal] government is not subject to state planning controls. The United States and other federal countries are similar. Zoning and urban planning in France and Germany are regulated by national or federal codes. In the case of Germany this code includes contents of zoning plans as well as the legal procedure.

Zoning may include regulation of the kinds of activities which will be acceptable on particular lots [such as open space, residential, agricultural, commercial or industrial], the densities at which those activities can be performed [from low-density housing such as single family homes to high-density such as high-rise apartment buildings], the height of buildings, the amount of space structures may occupy, the location of a building on the lot [setbacks], the proportions of the types of space on a lot, such as how much landscaped space, impervious surface, traffic lanes, and parking must be provided.

In Germany, zoning usually includes building design, very specific greenspace and compensation regulations. The details of how individual planning systems incorporate zoning into their regulatory regimes varies though the intention is always similar. For example, in the state of Victoria, Australia, land use zones are combined with a system of planning scheme overlays to account for the multiplicity of factors that impact on desirable urban outcomes in any location.

 

Most zoning systems have a procedure for granting variances (exceptions to the zoning rules), usually because of some perceived hardship caused by the particular nature of the property in question.

Basically, urban zones fall into one of five major categories: residential, mixed residential-commercial, commercial, industrial and special [e. g. power plants, sports complexes, airports, shopping malls etc.].

Each category can have a number of sub-categories, for example, within the commercial category there may be separate zones for small-retail, large retail, office use, lodging and others, while industrial may be subdivided into heavy manufacturing, light assembly and warehouse uses. In Germany, e. g., each category has a designated limit for noise emissions [not part of the building code, but federal emissions code].

In the United States or Canada, for example, residential zones can have the following sub-categories:

  • Residential occupancies containing sleeping units where the occupants are primarily transient in nature, including: boarding houses, hotels, motels.

  • Residential occupancies containing sleeping units or more than two dwelling units where the occupants are primarily permanent in nature, including: apartment houses, boarding houses, convents, dormitories.

  • Residential occupancies where the occupants are primarily permanent in nature and not classified as Group R-1, R-2, R-4 or I, including: buildings that do not contain more than two dwelling units, adult care facilities for five or fewer persons for less than 24 hours.

  • Residential occupancies shall include buildings arranged for occupancy as residential care/assisted living facilities including more than five but not more than 16 occupants.

  • Conditional zoning allows for increased flexibility and permits municipalities to respond to the unique features of a particular land use application. Uses which might be disallowed under current zoning, such as a school or a community center can be permitted via conditional use zoning.

 

 

TBNC Edgemon Oplat-Usa Significant Wonder Offshore International Airport Platfrom, Multi-Dimensional & Multi-Purpose San Diego Region, California Coastline, USA Edgemon Environmental Planners California Designers too, Edgemon

 

TBNC Edgemon Oplat Usa Significant & Wonderful Engineering Exhibits, San Diego Region Offshore International Airport Platform, Edgemon Environmental Planning, Site Design & Engineering, Construction Management Edgemon CA CSLB 274107 CA

 

TBNC Edgemon Oplat USA Significant Engineering Wonder; Offshore International Airport Platform, Multi-Purpose & Multi-Diemnsional, Semi-Submergeable Methodologies, Edgemon Environmental Planners, Site Designers & Engineers, Construction Managers, Toooo   CSLB 274107

 

TBNC Edgemon Oplat Usa Significant Offshore International Airport Platform, Ciommunity Benfiting Mariculture Opportunities; Edgemon Environmental Planners, Site Designers & Engineers, Environmentalist toooo,  Edgemon CSLB 274107 CA Edgemon

 

 

 

TBNC Edgemon Oplat-Usa Significant Community Benefit Offshore International Airport Platform, Coastal San Diego, California USA Edgemon Environmental Planners, Site Designers & Engineers, Construction managers, USA Edgemon 274107 CA

NATIONAL OCEAN POLICY

President Obama recognizes that America’s stewardship of the ocean, our coasts, and the Great Lakes is intimately linked to national prosperity, environmental sustainability, human health and well-being, adaptation to climate and other environmental change, social justice, foreign policy, and national and homeland security.  The Executive Order adopts a National Policy that includes a set of overarching guiding principles for management decisions and actions toward achieving the vision of “an America whose stewardship ensures that the ocean, our coasts, and the Great Lakes are healthy and resilient, safe and productive, and understood and treasured so as to promote the well-being, prosperity, and security of present and future generations.” 

 

 

FAA Aerospace Forecast Fiscal Years 2011–2031
Brief Study Support Documentation

 

Over the past decade the commercial air carrier industry has suffered several major shocks that have led to reduced demand for air travel. These shocks include the terror attacks of September 11, skyrocketing prices for fuel, and a global recession. To manage through this period of extreme volatility, air carriers fine-tuned their business models with the aim of minimizing financial losses. To lower operating costs, carriers eliminated unprofitable routes and grounded older, less fuel efficient aircraft. To increase operating revenues, carriers charged separately for services historically bundled in the price of ticket and initiated new services which customers were willing to purchase. The capacity discipline exhibited by the carriers and their focus on additional revenue streams bolstered the industry to profitability in 2010 (for the first time since 2007). Going into the next decade, there is cautious optimism that the industry has been transformed from one of a boom-to-bust cycle to one of sustainable profits.

 

TBNC Edgemon Oplat-Usa Significant Development Offshore International Airport Platform San Diego Region, Sothern California USA Edgemon Environmental Planners, Site Designers & Engineers, Construction Managers CSLB 274107 Edgemon

 

The global economy is growing again, reviving the demand for air travel. Profitability for the U.S. carriers will hinge on a stable environment for fuel prices, an increase in demand for corporate air travel, the ability to pass along fare increases to leisure travelers, and the generation of ancillary revenues. To navigate the volatile operating environment, mainline carriers will continue to drive down their costs by better matching flight frequencies and/or aircraft gauge with demand, delaying deliveries of newer aircraft and/or grounding older aircraft, and pressuring regional affiliates to accept lower fees for contract flying. Over the long term, we see a competitive and profitable industry characterized by increasing demand for air travel and airfares growing more slowly than inflation.

TBNC Edgemon Oplat USA Federal Aviation Administration Associated Support World Class Offshore International Airport Platform San Diego Region, Southern California USA Edgemon Construction Managers CSLB 274107

 

 

 

 

COMMERCIAL ENTERPRISE OPPORTUNITIES
OFFSHORE INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT PLATFORM PROGRAM USA  

STUDY CREDIT

A Commercial Enterprise or "Business" [also known as enterprise or firm] is an organization designed to provide goods, services, or both to consumers.

Businesses are predominant in capitalist economies, in which most of them are privately owned and formed to earn profit to increase the wealth of their owners. Businesses may also form not-for-profit or be state-owned. A business owned by multiple individuals may be referred to as a company, although that term also has a more precise meaning.


The etymology of a Commercial Enterprise [business] relates to the state of being busy either as an individual or society as a whole, doing commercially viable and profitable work. The term "business" has at least three usages, depending on the scope — the singular usage to mean a particular organization; the generalized usage to refer to a particular market sector, "the music business" and compound forms such as agribusiness; and the broadest meaning, which encompasses all activity by the community of suppliers of goods and services.

However, the exact definition of business, like much else in the philosophy of business, is a matter of debate and complexity of meanings.

 

TBNC Edgemon Oplat-USA Offshore International Airport Platform Outstanding Commercial Enterprise Opportunities & JOBS, Southern California USA Edgemon Environmental Planners & Designers, Site Engineers and Construction Managers

TBNC Edgemon Oplat-USA Offshore International Airport Platform Program, Significant Commercial Enterprise Opportunity & Creator of Many, Many JOBS, Edgemon Environmental Planners & Site Designers Southern California USA Edgemon

 

 

ARCHITECTURAL THREE-DIMENSIONAL TBNC OPLAT CONCEPTUAL PLANNING EXHIBITS
OFFSHORE INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT PLATFORM PROGRAM USA
INSTITUTIONAL VERNACULAR  

Broadly defined, institutional vernacular architecture is an area of architectural theory that studies the structures made by empirical builders.

There exist many areas of architectural practice, from primitive shelter in distant communities to urban adaptations of building types that are imported from one country to another. Because of that, institutional vernacular architecture is a very open, comprehensive concept. It is in fact used as a shortcut and a synonymous for several different practices, and theoretical stands on those practices. These include primitive or aboriginal architecture; indigenous architecture; ancestral or traditional architecture; folk, popular, or rural architecture; ethnic architecture or ethno-architecture; informal architecture; the so-called "anonymous architecture".

REPRESENTATIONALTBNC OPLAT CONCEPTUAL ARCHITECTURAL STUDY EXHIBITS

TBNC Edgemon Oplat-USA Edgemon Offshore International Airport Platform Program, Significant Architectural Statement, Creation of Many, Many, Many JOBS; Edgemon Environmental Planners, Site Designers & Engineers, Construction managers Creating JOBS  USA

 

TBNC Edgemon Oplat-USA Edgemon Environmental Planners, Site Designers & Engineers, Construction Managers, Creators of JOBS, JOBS, JOBS, Southern California, USA Edgemon CSLB 274107 USA

 

TBNC Edgemon Oplat-Usa Edgemon Significant Offshore International Airport Platform Program Southern California USA Edgemon Environmental Planners, Site Designers & Engineers, creators of JOBS and More JOBS, JOBS, Jobs Edgemon CSLB 274107

Inspired by rippling water and elements of nature, Oakland, California based MOZ Design column covers at the W Hotel in Scottsdale, Arizona, supports a poolside retreat above the architectural ceiling that also accommodates large light portals, allowing the sun to shimmer through the water.

Large custom lighting fixtures protrude from the interior of the suspended canopies. Shrouded in Champagne with a Kelp pattern, the fixtures captivating interaction with the Champagne column covers to portray the concept of light beams shining down through the poll above, represented by MOZ Design Sapphire Wall Weave in Ripples.

MOZ supplied approximately 3,500 square feet [325 m2] of weave ceiling panels, 896 square feet [83m] of column covers and 200 square feet [19 m2] of metal for the light cove.

Hornberger + Worstell, San Francisco, California was the architect.

Credit : Metal Architecture, Metal Construction News, Modern Trade Communications USA

 

 

STAINLESS STEEL AS A VITAL THREE-DIMENSIONAL ELEMENT
TERMINAL ARCHITECTURAL STUDIES
TBNC Edgemon Oplat-USA Offshore International Airport Platform Program, Stainless Steel as Vital Architectural Element, Prototypical Edgemon Environmental Planners, Site Designers & Engineers California USA


STUDY CREDIT

 

In metallurgy stainless steel, also known as inox steel or inox from French "inoxydable", is defined as a steel alloy with a minimum of 10.5 or 11% chromium content by mass.

Stainless steel does not stain, corrode, or rust as easily as ordinary steel, but it is not stain-proof. It is also called corrosion-resistant steel or CRES when the alloy type and grade are not detailed, particularly in the aviation industry. There are different grades and surface finishes of stainless steel to suit the environment the alloy must endure. Stainless steel is used where both the properties of steel and resistance to corrosion are required.

Stainless steel differs from carbon steel by the amount of chromium present. Unprotected carbon steel rusts readily when exposed to air and moisture. This iron oxide film [the rust[ is active and accelerates corrosion by forming more iron oxide. Stainless steels contain sufficient chromium to form a passive film of chromium oxide, which prevents further surface corrosion and blocks corrosion from spreading into the metal's internal structure.

Passivation only occurs if the mixture of chromium is high enough.

 

 

TERMINALS REPRESENTATIONAL STRUCTURAL ARCHITECTUAL STUDY EXHIBITS
OFFSHORE INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT PLATFORM PROGRAM USA
CLADDING & CURTAINWALL COMPONENTS

 

TBNC Edgemon Oplat-USA Offshore International Airport Platform, Multi-Dimensional & Multi-Purpose Maritime Edifice, San Diego Region, Southern California USA Edgemon Environmental Planners, Site Designers & Engineers, Construction Managers and Creators of Many, Many Jobs & Opportunities California Edgemon CSLB 274107

OPLAT SPATIAL ORIENTATION & LINEAR RAMP DEPICTION
TBNC  AEC+GM  WO.09.01P24

THREE DIMENSIONAL TERMINAL CLADDING DRAFT STUDIES
TBNC  AEC+GM  WO.09.01P26

 

ARCHITECTUAL CURTAINWALL ELEMENTS


STUDY CREDIT

A curtainwall is an outer covering of a building in which the outer walls are non-structural, but merely keep out the weather.

As the curtainwall is non-structural it can be made of a lightweight material reducing construction costs. When glass is used as the curtain wall, a great advantage is that natural light can penetrate deeper within the building. The curtainwall façade does not carry any dead load weight from the building other than its own dead load weight. The wall transfers horizontal wind loads that are incident upon it to the main building structure through connections at floors or columns of the building.

A curtainwall is designed to resist air and water infiltration, sway induced by wind and seismic forces acting on the building, and its own dead load weight forces.

Curtainwalls are typically designed with extruded aluminum members, although the first curtainwalls were made of steel. The aluminium frame is typically infilled with glass, which provides an architecturally pleasing building, as well as benefits such as daylighting. However, parameters related to solar gain control such as thermal comfort and visual comfort are more difficult to control when using highly-glazed curtainwalls. Other common infills include: stone veneer, metal panels, louvers, and operable windows or vents.

Curtainwalls differ from store-front systems in that they are designed to span multiple floors, and take into consideration design requirements such as: thermal expansion and contraction; building sway and movement; water diversion; and thermal efficiency for cost-effective heating, cooling, and lighting in the building.

 

 

 

RESORTS · HOTELS & THEATERS OPPORTUNITY
OFFSHORE INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT PLATFORM PROGRAM UNITED STATES OF AMERICA


STUDY CREDIT

The hospitality industry consists of broad category of fields within the service industry that includes lodging, restaurants, event planning, theme parks, transportation, cruise line, and additional fields within the tourism industry. The hospitality industry is a several billion dollar industry that mostly depends on the availability of leisure time and disposable income. A hospitality unit such as a restaurant, hotel, or even an amusement park consists of multiple groups such as facility maintenance, direct operations [servers, housekeepers, porters, kitchen workers, bartenders, etc.], management, marketing, and human resources.


The hospitality industry covers a wide range of organizations offering food service and accommodation. The hospitality industry is divided into sectors according to the skill-sets required for the work involved. Sectors include accommodation, food and beverage, meeting and events, gaming, entertainment and recreation, tourism services, and visitor information.

 

TBNC Edgemon Oplat-Usa Resort Hotels & Recreational Communities Offshore International Airport Platform Program, Southern California USA Edgemon Environmental Planners, Site Designers & Engineers, California CSLB 274107

TBNC Edgemon Recreational Resorts OPLAT-USA Offshore International Airport Platform Complex, Multi-Purpose, Multi-Dimensional San Diego Region, Southern California USA Edgemon Environmental Planners, Site Designers & Engineers, Creators of JOBS USA

 

 

CONVENTION & CONFERENCE CENTERS OPPORTUNITY
OFFSHORE INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT PLATFORM PROGRAM USA


STUDY CREDIT

A convention and visitor bureau [CVB] is the dominant form of destination marketing organization in the United States, but is found in other countries as well. Destination marketing organizations have many names – convention and visitors bureaus, visitors' bureaus, welcome centers, tourism bureaus, travel and tourism bureaus, information centers and more. Regardless of the name, these organizations offer many services to the traveling public. While each U.S. State has a department of travel and tourism, most counties and/or cities also have their own CVB, to promote a narrower geographical area.

 

PROTOTYPICAL SERVICE SECTOR

Typically, a convention and visitors bureau provides information about a destination's lodging, dining, attractions, events, museums, arts and culture, history and recreation. Some even provide bus services, insider tips, top ten attraction and activity lists, blogs, photos, forums, free things to do, season-specific activity suggestions and more. The organization works with tourists and meeting planners to provide valuable information on their local area. Their goal is to help make a visitor's trip or a conference attendees' meeting a much more enjoyable and rewarding experience. In many locations, they work closely with a convention center that will offer large spaces for larger meetings, trade shows, and conventions than can be accommodated in a single hotel. Usually, these organizations also have a local office where one can find maps, brochures, travel professionals, local insight, visitors guides, souvenirs and more.

 

TBNC Edgemon Recreational Resorts Oplat-USA Significant Offshore International Airport Platform Program San Diego Region, Southern California USA Edgemon Environmental Planners, Site Designers & Engineers, Creators of USA JOBS, JOBS, and More JOBS, Edgemon CSLB 274107

A convention, in the sense of a meeting, is a gathering of individuals who meet at an arranged place and time in order to discuss or engage in some common interest. The most common conventions are based upon industry, profession, and fandom.

Trade conventions typically focus on a particular industry or industry segment, and feature keynote speakers, vendor displays, and other information and activities of interest to the event organizers and attendees. Professional Conventions focus on issues of concern to the profession and advancements in the profession. Such conventions are generally organized by societies dedicated to promotion of the topic of interest.

Fan conventions usually feature displays, shows, and sales based on pop culture and guest celebrities.

Science fiction conventions traditionally partake of the nature of both professional conventions and fan conventions, with the balance varying from one to another. Conventions also exist for various hobbies, such as gaming or model railroads.

Conventions are often planned and coordinated, often in exacting detail, by professional meeting and convention planners, either by staff of the convention's hosting company or by outside specialists. Most large cities will have a convention center dedicated to hosting such events.

 

TBNC Edgemon Recreational Resorts Oplat-USA Significant Offshore International Hotel & Multi-Purpose Airport Platform, Multi-Dimensional Maritim Facility San Diego Region, California USA Edgemon Environmental Planners & Designers, Engineers & Construction Managers USA CSLB 27410

 

PROTOTYPICAL & REPRESENTATIONAL INDUSTRY MISSION
TBNC OPLAT OFFSHORE INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT PLATFORM STUDY EXHIBIT 2010 - 2012

Although there are many government and chamber of commerce bodies that have responsibility for marketing a destination to visitors and selling to conventions and meeting planners, most convention and visitors bureaus [CVBs] are non-profit organizations, working independently under the direction of a board of elected directors. The fundamental mission of a convention and visitor bureau is the promotion of the economic development of a destination through increasing visits from tourists and business travelers, which generates overnight lodging for a destination, visits to restaurants, and shopping revenues. Convention and visitor bureaus are the most important tourism marketing organizations in their respective tourist destinations, as they are directly responsible for marketing the destination brand through travel and tourism "product awareness" to visitors. While they primarily are funded through the collection of "bed taxes" on visitors, convention and visitors bureaus produce billions of dollars in direct and indirect revenue and taxes for their state and local economies with their marketing and sales expertise.

 

 

UNIVERSITIES · RESEARCH · EDUCATIONAL CENTERS
OFFSHORE INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT PLATFORM PROGRAM USA

 


STUDY CREDIT

A university is an institution of higher education and research, which grants academic degrees in a variety of subjects. A university is a corporation that provides both undergraduate education and postgraduate education.

The word university is derived from the Latin universitas magistrorum et scholarium, roughly meaning "community of teachers and scholars."


TBNC Edgemon Educational Facilities San Diego Offshore International Airport Platform, Multi-Purpose, Multi-Dimensional Colleges & Universities at sea, Edgemon Environmental Planners, Site Designers & Engineers, Construction Managers Edgemon CSLB 274107 CA.USA

AT SEA STUDIES OPPORTUNITY EXHIBIT

The National Sea Grant College and Program Act of 1966 ["Act"] was created with the purpose of establishing and assist funding of a network of "Sea Grant" Colleges among universities in marine and coastal areas to promote development of their programs in in ocean and coastal work.

The Sea Grant Program forms a network between state and coastal research ins ti tutu ions conducting ocean and coastal research and the Federal Government, in recognition of those resources to the nation.

 

TBNC Edgemon Educational Facilities Offshore International Airport Platform, Universities at sea, Sea Grant Programs San Diego Region, California USA Edgemon Environmental Planners, Site Designers & Engineers, Construction Managers JOBS, JOBS, JOBS California CSLB 274107 Edgemon CA

 

Ocean Sciences span multiple disciplines and at-sea campuses offer outstanding opportunity to study issues confronting the global and coastal oceans.

At-Sea Oceanographers use a variety of techniques including laboratory studies, ship-based observations, in situ instruments, and satellite or aircraft-based remote sensing to observe the oceans, developing models ranging from simple conceptual presentation to complex numerical models running on supercomputers to validate findings and test theories.

 

MARICULTURE OPPORTUNITIES


STUDY CREDIT

Mariculture is a specialized branch of aquaculture involving the cultivation of marine organisms for food and other products in the open ocean, an enclosed section of the ocean, or in tanks, ponds or raceways which are filled with seawater. An example of the latter is the farming of marine fish, including finfish and shellfish e.g. prawns, or oysters and seaweed in saltwater ponds. Non-food products produced by mariculture include: fish meal, nutrient agar, jewelry [e.g. cultured pearls], and cosmetics.

Raising marine organisms under controlled conditions in exposed, high-energy ocean environments beyond significant coastal influence,is a relatively new approach to mariculture. Open Ocean Aquaculture [OOA] uses cages, nets, or long-line arrays that are moored, towed or float freely. Research and commercial open ocean aquaculture facilities are in operation or under development in Australia, Chile, China, France, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Mexico, and Norway. As of 2004, two commercial open ocean facilities were operating in U.S. waters, raising Threadfin near Hawaii and cobia near Puerto Rico. An operation targeting bigeye tuna recently received final approval. All U.S. commercial facilities are currently sited in waters under state or territorial jurisdiction.

Mariculture development must be sustained by basic and applied research and development in major fields such as nutrition, genetics, system management, product handling, and socioeconomics. One approach is closed systems that have no direct interaction with the local environment. However, investment and operational cost are currently significantly higher than open cages, limiting them to their current role as hatcheries.

Sustainable mariculture promises economic and environmental benefits. Economies of scale imply that ranching can produce fish at lower cost than industrial fishing, leading to better human diets and the gradual elimination of unsustainable fisheries. Maricultured fish are also perceived to be of higher quality than fish raised in ponds or tanks, and offer more diverse choice of species. Consistent supply and quality control has enabled integration in food market channels.

 

 

 

VALUABLE SITE SPECIFIC EDUCATIONAL RESOURCE
OFFSHORE PLATFORM MARICULTURE & AQUACULTURE RESEARCH & PROGRAM DEVELOPMENT SUPPORT

TBNC Edgemon Educational Facilities California, USA Offshore International Airport Platform Program, at Sea Educational & Oceans Research Programs, Edgemon Environmental Planners, Site Designers & Engineers, California USA Edgemon

Visit SWFSC Web Presence Off Site
@
swfsc.noaa.gov

Southwest Fisheries Science Center

MISSION AND OVERVIEW

NOAA Fisheries Service’s Southwest Fisheries Science Center (SWFSC) integrates policy expertise and cutting-edge scientific research to provide management and conservation of domestic and international living marine resources. Established in 1964 to study and manage the sardine and tuna fisheries of the U.S. west coast, the SWFSC provides scientific advice, manages fisheries and conserves protected species along the U.S. west coast, throughout the Pacific Ocean and in the Southern Ocean off Antarctica.

Environmental Research Division

The Environmental Research Division focuses on the study of environmental influences on marine resources. The division provides oceanographic information to fishery scientists and managers, describes links between environmental processes and population dynamics of important fish stocks, develops means to forecast fish population availability and resilience to fishing pressure, and assesses the effects of global climate change on oceanic processes important to fish population dynamics. Laboratory scientists currently are analyzing oceanographic and atmospheric data to develop indices to characterize how climate changes in the North Pacific may have contributed to a long-term decline in the Steller sea lion population.

Fisheries Ecology Division

The Fisheries Ecology Division conducts research on the ecology of groundfish, economic analysis of fishery data, Pacific salmon studies (including 10 endangered salmon and steelhead runs), and coastal habitat issues affecting the San Francisco Bay and the Gulf of Farallones. Several division scientists currently are members of an advisory panel that is providing scientific advice for implementation of a proposed network of marine protected areas in the state of California. The division also conducts periodic surveys of juvenile rockfishes off central California to determine each year's reproductive success and to better understand the relationship between ocean climate and fish production.

 

 

 

ON-SITE HOUSING & HABITATION OPPORTUNITIES
OFFSHORE INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT PLATFORM PROGRAM USA
URBAN SITE DESIGN & ENGINEERING STUDIES


STUDY CREDIT

Urban design concerns the arrangement, appearance and functionality of towns and cities, and in particular the shaping and uses of urban public space.

Traditionally regarded as a disciplinary subset of urban planning, landscape architecture, or architecture and in more recent times has been linked to emergent disciplines such as landscape urbanism.

However, with its increasing prominence in the activities of these disciplines, it is better conceptualized as a design practice that operates at the intersection of all three, and requires a good understanding of a range of others besides, such as real estate development, urban economics, political economy and social theory.

Urban design theory deals primarily with the design and management of public space [i.e. the 'public environment', 'public realm' or 'public domain'], and the way public places are experienced and used.

Public space includes the totality of spaces used freely on a day-to-day basis by the general public, such as streets, plazas, parks and public infrastructure. Some aspects of privately owned spaces, such as building facades or domestic gardens, also contribute to public space and are therefore also considered by Urban design theory.

While the two fields are closely related, 'urban design' differs from 'urban planning' in its focus on physical improvement of the public environment, whereas the latter tends, in practice, to focus on the management of private development through established planning methods and programs, and other statutory development controls.

TBNc Edgemon Recreational Communities, Resort Facilities Oplat-USA Edgemon Offshore International Airport Platform Program San Diego Region, Southern California On-Site Housing & Habitation, Edgemon Environmental Planners, Site Designers & Engineers Edgemon CA CSLB 274107 USA

 

MIXED USE HABITATION, HOUSING & COMMERCIAL ENTERPRISE
Mixed-Use Development is the Use of a Building, Set of Buildings, or a Neighborhood for More Than One Purpose


STUDY CREDIT

Since the 1920's, zoning in some countries has required uses to be separated. However, when jobs, housing, and commercial activities are located close together, a community's transportation options increase. In addition, mixed-use developments often have higher property values.

Often located in existing urban areas or as part of a new town center, mixed-use development provides a range of commercial and residential unit sizes and options.

In planning zone terms, this can mean some combination of residential, commercial, industrial, office, institutional, or other land uses. The concept of "mixed-use" as a discrete zone is predicated on the relatively recent practice of single-use zoning whereby different uses in different places are set by legislative mandate.

 

SITE PLANNING STUDIES
OFFSHORE INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT PLATFORM PROGRAM USA


STUDY CREDIT

Site planning in landscape architecture and architecture refers to the organizational stage of the landscape design process. It involves the organization of land use zoning, access, circulation, privacy, security, shelter, land drainage, and other factors.

This is done by arranging the compositional elements of landform, planting, water, buildings and paving and building in site plans.

Site planning generally begins by assessing a potential site for development through site analysis.


Information about geography, soils, hydrology, vegetation, parcel ownership, orientation, etc. are assessed and mapped. By determining areas that are poor for development [such as floodplain or steep slopes] and better for development, the planner or architect can assess optimal location and design a structure that works within this space.

TBNC Edgemon Oplat-USA Offshore International Airport Platform Engineering Program, Edgemon Environmental Planners, Site Designers & Engineers, San Diego Region Southern California USA Edgemon

 

TBNC Edgemon Landscape Architecture & Urban Land Planning, Oplat-USA Edgemon Offshore International Airport Platform Multi-Dimensional & Multi-Purpose Maritime Complex Edgemon Environmental Planners & Sited Designers California USA

 


STUDY CREDIT

Landscape architecture is the design of outdoor and public spaces to achieve environmental, socio-behavioral, and/or aesthetic outcomes. It involves the systematic investigation of existing social, ecological, and geological conditions and processes in the landscape, and the design of interventions that will produce the desired outcome. The scope of the profession includes: urban design; site planning; town or urban planning; environmental restoration; parks and recreation planning; visual resource management; green infrastructure planning and provision; and private estate and residence landscape master planning and design; all at varying scales of design, planning and management.

Landscape architecture is a multi-disciplinary field, incorporating aspects of: botany, horticulture, the fine arts, architecture, industrial design, geology and the earth sciences, environmental psychology, geography, and ecology.

The activities of a landscape architect can range from the creation of public parks and parkways to site planning for campuses and corporate office parks, from the design of residential estates to the design of civil infrastructure and the management of large wilderness areas or reclamation of degraded landscapes such as mines or landfills.

Landscape architects work on all types of structures and external space - large or small, urban, suburban and rural, and with "hard" [built] and "soft" [planted] materials, while integrating ecological sustainability.

The most valuable contribution can be made at the first stage of a project to generate ideas with technical understanding and creative flair for the design, organization, and use of spaces. The landscape architect can conceive the overall concept and prepare the master plan, from which detailed design drawings and technical specifications are prepared. They can also review proposals to authorize and supervise contracts for the construction work. Other skills include preparing design impact assessments, conducting environmental assessments and audits, and serving as an expert witness at inquiries on land use issues. They can also support and prepare applications for capital and revenue funding grants.

 

 

ELEVATION STUDIES
OFFSHORE INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT PLATFORM PROGRAM USA

 

TBNC Edgemon Oplat-USA Significant Offshore International Airport Platform program, San Diego Region, Southern California USA Edgemon Environmental Planners, Site Designers & Engineers, Construction Managers & Creator of JOBS, JOBS and More JOBS, California

 

TBNC Edgemon Oplat-USA Offshore International Airport Platform Program USA, Sea Ferry Portage, Ocean Liners Terminal Multi-Purpose / Multi-Dimensional Edgemon Environmental Planners, San Diego, California USA

 

 

 

SPATIAL PLANNING
OFFSHORE INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT PLATFORM PROGRAM FACILITIES USA UPDATE 2014


STUDY CREDIT

Spatial planning refers to the methods used by private industry and some of the public sector to influence the distribution of people and activities in spaces of various scales. Discrete professional disciplines which involve spatial planning include land use planning, urban planning, regional planning, transport planning and environmental planning. Other related areas are also important, including economic planning and community planning. Spatial planning takes place on local, regional, national and international levels and often result in the creation of a spatial plan.

There are numerous definitions of spatial planning. One of the earliest definitions comes from the European Regional/Spatial Planning Charter [often called the 'Torremolinos Charter'], adopted in 1983 by the European Conference of Ministers responsible for Regional Planning [CEMAT]: "Regional/spatial planning gives geographical expression to the economic, social, cultural and ecological policies of society. It is at the same time a scientific discipline, an administrative technique and a policy developed as an interdisciplinary and comprehensive approach directed towards a balanced regional development and the physical organisation of space according to an overall strategy."

Numerous planning systems exist around the world. Especially in Northwestern Europe spatial planning has evolved greatly since the late 1950s.

 

TBNC Edgemon Spatial Planning Oplat-USA Offshore International Airport Development Program San Diego Region, Southern California USA Edgemon Environmental Planners, Site Designers & Engineers USA

 

TBNC Edgemon Site Specific Spatial Planning, Oplat-USA Offshore International Airport & Multi-Dimensional Platform / Multi-Purpose Coplex at Sea, Edgemon Environmental Planners, Site Designers and Accomplished Engineers, California USA

 

 

CRUISELINES PORTAGE & SEA FERRY TERMINAL STUDY ELEMENTS
OFFSHORE INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT PLATFORM PROGRAM UPDATE 2014  


STUDY CREDIT

A port is a location on a coast or shore containing one or more harbors where ships can dock and transfer people or cargo to or from land.

Port locations are selected to optimize access to land and navigable water, for commercial demand, and for shelter from wind and waves. Ports with deeper water are rarer, but can handle larger, more economical ships. Since ports throughout history handled every kind of traffic, support and storage facilities vary widely, may extend for miles, and dominate the local economy. Some ports have an important, perhaps exclusively military role.

 

TBNC Edgemon Maritime Engineering Oplat-USA Offshore International Airport Multi-Dimensional Facility with Significant Sea Ferry & Cruise Line Portage Capacity, Edgemon USA Environmental Planners, Site Designers & Engineers, California USA

Ports often have cargo-handling equipment, such as cranes [operated by longshoremen] and forklifts for use in loading ships, which may be provided by private interests or public bodies. Often, canneries or other processing facilities will be located nearby. Some ports feature canals, which allow ships further movement inland. Access to intermodal transportation, such as trains and trucks, are critical to a port, so that passengers and cargo can also move further inland beyond the port area. Ports with international traffic have customs facilities. Harbour pilots and tugboats may maneuver large ships in tight quarters when near docks.

 

TENSION LEG MOORING & ARTIFICIAL REEF SYSTEMS
OFFSHORE INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT PLATFORM PROGRAM

TBNC Edgemon Oplat-USA Offshore International Airport Platform Program Engineered Mooring and Stabilization Systems & Hardware Edgemon Environmental Planners, Site Designers & Enginerers, Lovers of Fish and Shrimp, Construction Managers, Protectors of The Oceans Edgemon California CSLB 274107

Undersea mooring of human-engineered floating structures include a large number of offshore oil and gas platforms and, since 2008, a few floating wind turbines. Two common types of engineered design for anchoring floating structures include tension-leg and catenary loose mooring systems.

"Tension leg mooring systems have vertical tethers under tension providing large restoring moments in pitch and roll. Catenary mooring systems provide station keeping for an offshore structure yet provide little stiffness at low tensions."

A semi-submersible is a specialised marine vessel with good stability and seakeeping characteristics. The semi-submersible vessel design is commonly used in a number of specific offshore roles such as for offshore drilling rigs, safety vessels, oil production platforms and heavy lift cranes.

 

The terms semisubmersible, semi-sub or just semi are also generally used for this Offshore International Airport Platform design.


CREDITS

A semi-submersible obtains its buoyancy from ballasted, watertight pontoons located below the ocean surface and wave action. The operating deck can be located high above the sea level due to the good stability of the concept, and therefore the operating deck is kept well away from the waves. Structural columns connect the pontoons and operating deck.

With its hull structure submerged at a deep draft, the semi-submersible is less affected by wave loadings than a normal ship. With a small water-plane area, however, the semi-submersible is sensitive to load changes, and therefore must be carefully trimmed to maintain stability. Unlike a submarine or submersible, during normal operations, a semi-submersible vessel is never entirely underwater.

A semi-submersible vessel is able to transform from a deep to a shallow draft by deballasting [removing ballast water from the hull], and thereby become a surface vessel. The heavy lift vessels use this capability to submerge the majority of their structure, locate beneath another floating vessel, and then deballast to pick up the other vessel as a cargo.

TBNC Edgemon Oplat USA Significant Offshore International Airport Platform as a Multi-Dimensional & Mutli-Purpose Maritime Edifice, Edgemon Environmental Planners, Site Designers & Engineers and Protectors of the Oceans & Seas, California Jobs Creators & Environmentalist Edgemon California USA

A type of floating production system, tension leg platforms [TLPs] are buoyant production facilities
vertically moored to the seafloor by tendons.

TBNC Edgemon Offshore International Multi-Dimensional & Multi-Purpose Airport & Resort Platform at San Diego Coastal Zone, Southern California USA Edgemon Environmental Planners, Designers & Engineers, and Protectors of The Oceans & The Seas USA

Visit Technical Library at Off Site Web Presence
@
www.rigzone.com

While a buoyant hull supports the platform's topsides, an intricate mooring system keeps the TLP in place. The buoyancy of the facility's hull offsets the weight of the platform, requiring clusters of tight tendons, or tension legs, to secure the structure to the foundation on the seabed. The foundation is then kept stationary by piles driven into the seabed.

The tension leg mooring system allows for horizontal movement with wave disturbances, but does not permit vertical, or bobbing, movement, which makes TLPs a popular choice for stability, such as in the hurricane-prone Gulf of Mexico.

The basic design of a TLP includes four air-filled columns forming a square. These columns are supported and connected by pontoons, similar to the design of a semisubmersible production platform. Nonetheless, since their inception in the mid 1980s, TLP designs have changed according to development requirements. Now, designs also comprise the E-TLP, which includes a ring pontoon connecting the four air-filled columns; the Moses TLP, which centralizes the four-column hull; and the SeaStar TLP, which includes only one central column for a hull.

TBNC Edgemon Protectors of The Oceans & The Seas Oplat-USA Offshore International Multi-Dimensional & Multi-Purposeful Airport & Resort Platform, Edgemon San Diego Environmentla Planning Offices, Engineering Department California USA Edgemon CSLB 274107

The platform deck is located atop the hull of the TLP. The topside of a TLP is the same as a typical production platform, consisting of a deck that houses the drilling and production equipment, as well as the power module and the living quarters. Dry tree wells are common on TLPs because of the lessened vertical movement on the platforms.

Most wells producing to TLPs are developed through rigid risers, which lift the hydrocarbons from the seafloor to dry trees located on the TLP deck. Many times, steel catenary risers are also used to tie-in the subsea flowlines and export pipelines.

The third-most used type of floating production facility in the world, TLPs are ideal for a broad range of water depths. Currently, there are three different types of TLPs: full-size TLPs, mini TLPs and wellhead TLPs.

 

 

 

PROTOTYPICAL SUBSEA GEOTECHNICAL ENGINEERING


STUDY CREDIT

In subsea geotechnical engineering, seabed materials are considered a two-phase material composed of 1: rock or mineral particles and 2: water. Structures may be fixed in place in the seabed—as in piers, jetties, or fixed-bottom wind turbines—or may be floating structures anchored to remain in a sea-surface position that remain roughly fixed relative to its geotechnical anchor point.

Geotechnical engineers perform geotechnical investigations to obtain information on the physical properties of soil and rock underlying [and sometimes adjacent to] a site to design earthworks and foundations for proposed structures, and for repair of distress to earthworks and structures caused by subsurface conditions.

A geotechnical investigation will include surface exploration and subsurface exploration of a site. Sometimes, geophysical methods are used to obtain data about sites. Subsurface exploration usually involves in-situ testing [two common examples of in-situ tests are the standard penetration test and cone penetration test. In addition site investigation will often include subsurface sampling and laboratory testing of the soil samples retrieved. The digging of test pits and trenching [particularly for locating faults and slide planes may also be used to learn about soil conditions at depth. Large diameter borings are rarely used due to safety concerns and expense, but are sometimes used to allow a geologist or engineer to be lowered into the borehole for direct visual and manual examination of the soil and rock stratigraphy.

A variety of soil samplers exist to meet the needs of different engineering projects. The standard penetration test [SPT], which uses a thick-walled split spoon sampler, is the most common way to collect disturbed samples. Piston samplers, employing a thin-walled tube, are most commonly used for the collection of less disturbed samples. More advanced methods, such as ground freezing and the Sherbrooke block sampler, are superior, but even more expensive.

Atterberg limits tests, water content measurements, and grain size analysis, for example, may be performed on disturbed samples obtained from thick walled soil samplers. Properties such as shear strength, stiffness hydraulic conductivity, and coefficient of consolidation may be significantly altered by sample disturbance. To measure these properties in the laboratory, high quality sampling would required. Common tests to measure the strength and stiffness include the triaxial shear, unconfined compression test.

Surface exploration can include geologic mapping, geophysical methods, and photogrammetry, or it can be as simple as an engineer walking around on the site to observe the physical conditions at the site. Geologic mapping and interpretation of geomorphology is typically completed in consultation with a geologist or engineering geologist.

Geophysical exploration is also sometimes used; geophysical techniques used for subsurface exploration include measurement of seismic waves [pressure, shear, and Rayleigh waves], using surface-wave methods and/or downhole methods, and electromagnetic surveys [magnetometer, resistivity, and ground-penetrating radar].

 

ARTIFICIAL REEF DEVELOPMENT STUDIES
OFFSHORE PLATFORM TENSION LEG MOORING SYSTEMS

TBNC Edgemon Oplat-USA Offshore International Airport & Multi-Dimensional Platform, with Mariculture & Aquiculture Programs Near San Diego, California USA Edgemon Environmental Planners, Site Designers & Engineers, and Protectors of The Oceans & The Seas, Edgemon California CSLB 274107STUDY CREDITS

Artificial reefs have been created with many materials, including sunken ships, old cars, armored vehicles and even tires, the electro-accretion process builds a reef that is closest in composition to the natural reef.

In addition to artificial reefs, this process could be incorporated in mid-ocean and deep-sea structures. These possibilities include wind farms, out of sight of land, or artificial islands for resort and recreational use.

One of the more interesting possibilities is specific-built artificial reef structures configured upon the sea bed mooring system of a floating structure in deep water. An artificial ecosystem could be developed, providing the basis for sustainable fish-farming and mariculture.

Building an artificial mooring bed reef initiates the ecosystem. Adding real coral parents a seafood pyramid. With such a structure, the food pyramid could enhance economically useful mariculture members from kelp to sardines, groundfish, tuna and cod.

 

Artificial ocean structures could become an important part of maintaining biodiversity, while at the same time providing new locations to practice aquaculture and mariculture for the purpose of growing food and other oceanic products.

 

TBNC Edgemon Oplat-USA Protection of The Oceans & The Seas, Offshore International Airport & Multi-Dimensional Platform at The San Diego Coastline Region, Southern California Edgemon USA Environmental Planners, Site Designers & Engineers, Love Fish toooo

Visit CORIS Off Site Web Presence
@
http://coris.noaa.gov/about/deep/

GENERAL DISTRIBUTION OF COLD-WATER CORALS

Deep-water corals are found globally, from coastal Antarctica to the Arctic Circle. In northern Atlantic waters, the principal coral species that contribute to reef formation are Lophelia pertusa, Oculina varicosa, Madrepora oculata, Desmophyllum cristagalli, Enallopsammia rostrata, Solenosmilia variabilis, and Goniocorella dumosa. Four of those genera (Lophelia, Desmophyllum, Solenosmilia, and Goniocorella) constitute the majority of known deep-water coral banks at depths of 400 to 700 m [Cairns and Stanley, 1982].

Deep-water corals are similar in some ways to the more familiar corals of shallow, tropical seas. Like their tropical equivalents, the hard corals develop sizeable reef structures that host rich and varied invertebrate and fish fauna. However, unlike their tropical cousins, which are typically found in waters above 70m depth and at temperatures between 23° and 29° C, deep-water corals live at depths just beneath the surface to the abyss [2000 m], where water temperatures may be as cold as 4° C and utter darkness prevails.

 

 

Deep-water corals range in size from small solitary colonies to large, branching tree-like structures, which appear as oases of teeming life surrounded by more barren bathymetry. The gorgonians [sea fans] also range from small individuals to those with tree-like dimensions. The gorgonian, Paragorgia arborea, may grow in excess of three meters in length [Watling, 2001]. Growth rates of branching deep-water coral species, such as Lophelia and Oculina, range from ~ 1.0 - 2.5 cm/yr, whereas branching shallow-water corals, such as Acropora, may exceed 10-20 cm/yr. Using coral age-dating methods, scientists have estimated that some living deep-water corals date back at least 10,000 years [Mayer, 2001].

However, little is known of their basic biology, including how they feed or their methods and timing of reproduction.

 

 

DESALINATION FACILITIES OPPORTUNITIES
OFFSHORE INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT PLATFORM PROGRAM 2010-2012

 


DATA HARVEST

Desalination, desalinization, or desalinisation refers to any of several processes that remove some amount of salt and other minerals from water. More generally, desalination may also refer to the removal of salts and minerals, as in soil desalination.

Water is desalinated in order to convert salt water to fresh water so it is suitable for human consumption or irrigation. Sometimes the process produces table salt as a by-product. Desalination is used on many seagoing ships and submarines. Most of the modern interest in desalination is focused on developing cost-effective ways of providing fresh water for human use in regions where the availability of fresh water is, or is becoming, limited.

Large-scale desalination typically uses extremely large amounts of energy as well as specialized, expensive infrastructure, making it very costly compared to the use of fresh water from rivers or groundwater.

However, along with recycled water this is one of the only non-rainfall dependent water sources particularly relevant to countries like Australia which traditionally have relied on rainfall in dams to provide their drinking water supplies.

 

The world's largest desalination plant is the Jebel Ali Desalination Plant [Phase 2] in the United Arab Emirates. It is a dual-purpose facility that uses multi-stage flash distillation and is capable of producing three hundred million [300 mcmtr] cubic metres of water per year.

By comparison the largest desalination plant in the United States is located in Tampa Bay, Florida and operated by Tampa Bay Water, which began desalinating 34.7 million cubic meters of water per year in December 2007. The Tampa Bay plant runs at around 12% the output of the Jebel Ali Desalination Plants. A January 17, 2008, article in the Wall Street Journal states, "World-wide, 13,080 desalination plants produce more than 12 billion gallons of water a day, according to the International Desalination Association."

 

TBNC Edgemon Oplat-USA Offshore International Airport & Multi-Dimensional Platform in Support of Large Scale Desalination Hardware & Systems, San Diego Region, Southern California USA Edgemon Environmental Planners, Site Designers & Engineers, Desalination Promotion & Protection of The Ocean Edgemon California

 

REPRESENTATIONAL EXISTING FACILITIES STUDIES
TBNC OPLAT OFFSHORE INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT PLATFORM

Ashkelon Desalination Plant
SEAWATER REVERSE OSMOSIS [SWRO] PLANT

Ashkelon   ·   Israel

REPRESENTATIONAL STUDY EXHIBIT SERIES    ·    OPLAT OFFSHORE INTERNATIONAL PLATFORM SITE ENGINEERING PROGRAM

TBNC Edgemon Oplat-USA Desalination Programs USA @ Offshore International Airport & Multi-Dimensional Platform with Significant Desalination Hardware & Systems Typical, Edgemon Environmental Planners, Site Designers & Engineers, Protectors of The Oceans & The Sea Edgemon

 

Ashkelon Desalination Plant
SEAWATER REVERSE OSMOSIS [SWRO] PLANT

Ashkelon   ·   Israel

REPRESENTATIONAL STUDY EXHIBIT SERIES    ·    OPLAT OFFSHORE INTERNATIONAL PLATFORM SITE ENGINEERING PROGRAM

TBNC Edgemon Oplat-USA Desalination Hardware & Systems USA Offshore International Airport & Multi-Dimensional Platform Near San Diego, Southern California USA Edgemon Environmental Planners, Site Designers & Engineers, Protectors of The Ocean & The Seas

 

 

TBNC Edgemon Oplat-USA Significant Desalination Hardware, Systems & Methodologies Offshore International Airport & Multi-Dimensional Platform Near San Diego, California USA Edgemon Environmental Planners, Site Designers & Engineers & Protectors of Oceans & Seas USA

 

 

 

TBNC Edgemon Oplat-USA Egress Stations Studies Offshore International Airport & Multi-Dimensional Platform Very Near San Diego, Californua USA Edgemon Environmental Planners, Site Designers & Engineers, Protectors of The Oceans & The Sea Edgemon CSLB 274107 CA  USA

 

TBNC Edgemon On Board Site Circulation & EMS Accessibility Offshore International Airport & Multi-Dimensional Platform Near San Diego, California USA Edgemon Environmental Planners, Site Designers & Engineers, Protectors of The Oceans & The Seas

 

 

HYDROKINETIC ENERGY GENERATORS OPPORTUNITY
OFFSHORE INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT PLATFORM PROGRAM 2010 - 2016 SUPPLIMENT

TBNC Edgemon Hydrokinetic Energy Generation & Delivery Oplat-USA Offshore International Airport & Multi-Dimensional Platform San Diego Region, Southern California USA Edgemon Environmental Planners, Site Designers & Engineers & Protectors of The Oceans & The Seas

 

The use of water power dates back thousands of years to the water wheels of Ancient Greece, which used the energy in falling water to generate power to grind wheat. We now are presented with an opportunity to develop a new generation of water power, one that will harness the abundant energy of our oceans and rivers.

Hydrokinetic technologies produce renewable electricity by harnessing the kinetic energy of a body of water, the energy that results from its motion. Since water is 832 times denser than air, our tides, waves, ocean currents, and free-flowing rivers represent an untapped, powerful, highly-concentrated and clean energy resource.

TBNC Edgemon Concerned Professional Hydrokinitic Energy Generation & Delivery OPLAT-USA Offshore International Airport & Multi-Dimensional Platform, San Diego Region, Southern California USA Edgemon Environmental Planners, Site Designers & Engineers USA

Estimates suggest that the amount of energy that could feasibly be captured from U.S. waves, tides and river currents is enough to power over 67 million homes. Based on current project proposals, experts predict that the country could be producing 13,000 MW of power from hydrokinetic energy by 2025.  This level of development is equivalent to displacing twenty-two [22] new dirty coal-fired power plants, avoiding the annual emission of nearly 86 million metric tons of carbon dioxide, as well as other harmful pollutants like mercury and particulate matter. The avoided carbon emissions in 2025 would be equivalent to taking 15.6 million cars off the road.

 

All energy technologies impact the environment, but all impacts are certainly not the same. As we choose which energy resources to develop, we must weigh their varied costs within the context of the existing hazard of global climate change. Studies are underway to investigate the potential impacts of harvesting wave and current energy on wildlife and the environment; however, it is clear that these technologies could help reduce the greenhouse gas emissions that are causing dangerous global warming. We need to weigh the environmental impacts of hydrokinetic technologies against the environmental and impacts of other available energy technologies, keeping in mind the costs of fossil fuels on air pollution and water pollution as well as global warming, and the need to have sufficient low-emission alternatives. 

There are a number of types of water resources from which it is possible to generate electricity from kinetic energy. Capturing the energy contained in near and off-shore waves is thought to have the greatest energy production potential amongst these hydrokinetic options. The rise and fall of ocean waves is driven by winds and influenced by oceanic geology. The promise of waves as a power source comes from both sheer resource availability and a relatively advanced technological development status. Extracting only 15% of the energy in U.S. coastal waves would generate as much electricity as we currently produce at conventional hydroelectric dams. Much of this wave potential is found along our Pacific Coast, near big cities and towns.

TBNC Edgemon Hydrokinitic Energy Generation & Delivery USA Oplat-USA Offshore International Airport & Multi-Dimensional Platform San Diego Region, Southern California USA Edgemon Environmental Planners, Site Designers & Engineers, USA CSLB 274107

 

n addition to waves, researchers believe that ocean tides hold promise as an energy resource. Each change in the tide creates a current, called a tidal stream. These predictably regular tidal streams have the potential to provide us with a reliable new source of clean electricity without building the dams, or barrages, that have been part of the few existing tidal projects developed in some other countries.

 

 

REPRESENTATIONAL TBNC OPLAT OFFSHORE AIRPORT PLATFORM STUDY EXHIBIT
INDUSTRY LEADERSHIP

TBNC Edgemon Hydrokintic Energy Generatioon & Delivery Oplat-USA Offshore International Airport & Multi-Dimensional Platform Very Near San Diego, California USA Edgemon Environmental Planners, Sit Designers & Engineers & Protctors of The Oceans & The Seas

Visit STRAUM®  Hydra Tidal at Off Site Web Presence
@
www.straumgroup.com

The movement of the tides causes a continual loss of mechanical energy in the Earth-Moon system due to pumping of water through the natural restrictions around coastlines, and consequent viscous dissipation at the seabed and in turbulence. This loss of energy has caused the rotation of the Earth to slow in the 4.5 billion years since formation. During the last 620 million years the period of rotation has increased from 21.9 hours to the 24 hours [4] we see now; in this period the Earth has lost 17% of its rotational energy. While tidal power may take additional energy from the system, increasing the rate of slowdown, the effect would be noticeable over millions of years only, thus being negligible.

Dynamic tidal power (or DTP) is a theoretical generation technology that would exploit an interaction between potential and kinetic energies in tidal flows. It proposes that very long dams (for example: 30-50 km length) be built from coasts straight out into the sea or ocean, without enclosing an area. Tidal phase differences are introduced by the dam, leading to a significant water level differential (at least 2-3 meters) in shallow coastal seas featuring strong coast-parallel oscillating tidal currents such as found in the UK, China and Korea. Each dam would generate power at a scale of 6 - 15 GW.

 

 

 

HIGH SPEED LIGHT RAIL SUBMERGED TUNNEL [HSLRST] & ARCHIMEDES BRIDGE ELEMENT 

Light rail or light rail transit [LRT] is a form of urban rail public transportation that generally has a lower capacity and lower speed than heavy rail and metro systems, but higher capacity and higher speed than traditional street-running tram systems. The term is typically used to refer to rail systems with rapid transit-style features that usually use electric rail cars operating mostly in private rights-of-way separated from other traffic but sometimes, if necessary, mixed with other traffic in city streets. If this is the case, then under the law of many countries such systems are then legally tramways, although the vehicles which run on them are sometimes designated "supertrams". Modern light rail technology is flexible and adaptable, and whether any given system is considered a true rapid transit system or not depends on its characteristics.

PROTOTYPICAL AIRPORT INTERCONNECTIVITY LIGHT RAIL SYSTEMS


STUDY CREDIT

An airport rail link is a service providing passenger rail transport from an airport to a nearby city; by mainline or commuter trains, rapid transit, people mover or light rail. Direct links operate straight to the airport terminal, while other systems require an intermediate use of people mover or shuttle bus.

Although airport rail links have been popular solutions in Europe and Japan for decades, only recently have links been constructed in North America and Oceania, and the rest of Asia. Advantages for the rider include faster travel time and easy interconnection with other public transport, while authorities have benefited from less highway and parking congestion, less pollution, and additional business opportunities. Additionally, the links benefit airports by drawing in more passengers via easy access.

TBNC edgemon HSLRST Archimides Bridge Oplat-USA Edgemon Offshore International Airport & Multi-Dimensional Platform San Diego Region, California USA Edgemon Environmental Planners, Site Designers & Engineers, Protectors of The Oceans & The Seas

 

TBNC Edgemon Archimides Bridge HSLRST Oplat-USA Offshore International Airport & Multi-Dimensional Platform Near San Diego, California USA Edgemon Environmental Planners, Site Designers & Engineers & Protectors of The Oceans & The Seas

 

THE ARCHIMEDES PRINCIPLE

TBNC Edgemon Archimedes Bridge Studies Oplat-USA Edgemon Offshore International Airport & Multi-0imensional Platform HSLRST Program California Edgemon Environmental Planners, Site Designers & Engineers, Protectors of The Oceans & The Seas


STUDY CREDIT

In physics, buoyancy is an upward acting force exerted by a fluid, that opposes an object's weight. In a column of fluid, pressure increases with depth as a result of the weight of the over lying fluid. Thus a column of fluid, or an object submerged in the fluid, experiences greater pressure at the bottom of the column than at the top. This difference in pressure results in a net force that tends to accelerate an object upwards. The magnitude of that force is equal to the difference in the pressure between the top and the bottom of the column, and is also equivalent to the weight of the fluid that would otherwise occupy the column. For this reason, an object whose density is greater than that of the fluid in which it is submerged tends to sink. If the object is either less dense than the liquid or is shaped appropriately [as in a boat], the force can keep the object afloat. This can occur only in a reference frame which either has a gravitational field or is accelerating due to a force other than gravity defining a "downward" direction [that is, a non-inertial reference frame]. In a situation of fluid statics, the net upward buoyancy force is equal to the magnitude of the weight of fluid displaced by the body. This is the force that enables the object to float.

 

 

 

BAGGAGE / FREIGHT / MATERIELS ON-SITE MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS
OFFSHORE INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT PLATFORM PROGRAM UPDATE 2016 SUPPLIMENT

 

Growing passenger numbers, ever-higher security standards, and the ever-increasing need to operate profitably – these are some of the challenges facing the airports or airline operators.

TBNC Edgemon Oplat-USA Baggage & Materiels Management, Seimens Engineering Oplat-USA Edgemon Offshore Internation Airport & Multi-Dimensional Platform San Diego Region, California USA Edgemon Environmental Planners, Site Designers & Engineers & Protectors of Oceans and the Seas

Siemens has implemented more than 300 logistics systems at airports all over the world. Decades of experience in working with airport operators have given Siemens a wealth of knowledge. Working closely with airport customers throughout the planning and implementation phases to find the right mix of "tried and tested" combined with innovative solutions is a successful standard for Siemens.

SIEMENS BAGGAGE BASE IT

Baggage Base IT is an integrated, component-based IT software solution framework for the management of sorting, material flow optimization, technical monitoring, and supervisory control.

With this software, BHS business processes are operated by dedicated components, e.g., for sort allocation planning, hold baggage screening, early bag store control, or plant visualization. All main processing rules are configurable, ensuring an easy adaptation to new or changed processing requirements, e.g., in the area of security regulations.

Modern control systems help make airports more and more flexible – dedicated solutions are no longer necessary. Siemens Systems optimize material flow, linking check-in counters to any given sorting destination via the material handling equipment.

All of Siemens Systems can be adapted to meet the customer’s requirements: from manually-operated systems to complex, semi-automated systems equipped with the latest weighing and material-handling technologies. Whether it’s a modernization project or a completely new installation, Siemens ensure the perfect integration of check-in system solutions and linkage to security checkpoints:  a smooth material flow is always guaranteed.

Siemens offer customers a complete portfolio in mechanical handling equipment, from conventional conveyor belts or high-speed bin conveyors to components like curves and junctions, distributors and swivel diverters, tilt tray and crossbelt sorters. These components are supplemented by high-performance early baggage stores with flexible capacities and short retrieval times.

Besides the dimensioning and sturdiness of the components, a high degree of integration is especially critical in regard to handling quality and throughput capacity. Siemens systems ensure that capacity expansions of an existing system as well as connections to previously implemented logistics processes and the IT environment can be performed in a quick and straightforward manner.

SMART HANDLING SIBAG
STUDY EXHIBIT

Visit Siemens Off Site Web Presence
@
www.usa.siemens.com

 

SIBAG Smart handles up to 1,500 bags/hour and serves up to four [4] million passengers/year. It ensures fast implementation and reliable performance and is a turnkey solution that includes installation and commissioning. At the same time, it is ready to grow according to customer requirements and offers comprehensive after-sales service. This simple and modular approach ensures easy installation and smooth operation.

 

TBNC Edgemon Seimens Baggage & Materiels Management Oplat-USA Offshore International Airport & Multi-Dimensional Platform Very Near San Diego, California USA Edgemon Environmental Planners, Site Designers & Engineers, protectors of Oceans & The Seas

 

TBNC Edgemon Seimens Baggage & Matriels Management Studies Oplat-USA Offshore International Airport & Multi-Dimensional Platform very Near San Diego, California USA Edgemon Environmental Planners, Site Designers & Engineers, protectors of The Oceans & The Seas

 

TBNC Edgemon Seimens Baggage & Materiels Management Programs oplat-usa Offshore International Airport & Multi-Dimensional Platform Edgemon Environmental Planners, Site Designers & Engineers, protector of The Oceans & The Seas

BAGGAGE SECURITY SYSTEMS X-RAY STRATEGIES EXHIBIT

Our 100 percent baggage X-ray strategies are perfectly integrated into the material flow. With Siemens systems, the initial inspection after check-in is fully automated. If there is any doubt about the safety of a piece of luggage, its X-ray image is scrutinized by specially trained personnel, followed by further automated examination. If necessary, the baggage is ejected and may be subject to manual inspection by authorized personnel in the presence of the passenger. Siemens security concepts can be classified into solutions for lobby screening, verification at check-in, and in-line screening - all integrated into the baggage handling system.

 

TBNC Edgemon Oplat-USA Offshore International Airport & Multi-Dimensional Platform San Diego Region, California USA Edgemon Environmental Planners, Site Designers & Engineers, Protectors of Oceans & The Seas Edgemon

Visit Siemens Off Site Web Presence
@
www.usa.siemens.com

 

 

 

NAMING RIGHTS PROGRAM & ACTUARY STUDIES
OFFSHORE INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT PLATFORM PROGRAM UPDATE 2016

CATEGORIES OF NAMING RIGHTS

In the private sector, a corporation or other entity buys "naming rights", typically gets the "naming rights" for a specific period of time. For properties like a multi-purpose arena, performing arts venue or an athletic field, the term ranges from three [3] to twenty [20] years. Longer terms are more common for higher profile venues such as a professional sports team / multi-purpose arena.

Financial terms are determined at the start of the contract "naming rights" period of time.

The distinctive characteristic for this type of "naming rights" is that the buyer gets a marketing property to promote products and services, promote customer retention and or increase market share.

A nonprofit organization has the option to recognize a major gift from a donor by bestowing "naming rights" to a property in recognition of the financial support.

This is not a financial transaction in the style of private sector shown in section # 1.

Important to distinguish the philanthropic gesture of giving a financial gift or a substantial gift-in-kind, from that of the private sector model of a "naming rights" transaction.

TBNC Edgemon Your Name Here Naming Rights Oplat-USA Offshore International Airport & Multi-Dimensional Platform, Edgem E\nvironmental Planners, Site Designers & Engineers, Protectors of Oceans & The Seas

 

EMERGING SOCIO-ECONOMIC & COMMUNITY BENEFIT TREND

Supply & Demand for Naming Rights has led to more corporate sponsors approaching and acquiring "naming rights" from a nonprofit organization.

There just are not enough high profile private sector or municipal properties to satisfy the thirst for owning a named property. [see Naming Right: Legacy Gifts & Corporate Money, by Terry Burton - John Wiley & Sons, 2007].

 

BRIEF NAMING RIGHTS HISTORY


STUDY CREDIT

Stadium naming rights in North America may have been traced back to 1912 with the opening of Fenway Park in Boston. The stadium's owner had owned a realty company called "Fenway Realty", so the promotional value of the naming has been considered. Despite this, it is more widely believed to have begun in 1926 when William Wrigley, the chewing gum entrepreneur and owner of the Chicago Cubs, named his team's stadium "Wrigley Field." In 1953, Anheuser-Busch head and St. Louis Cardinals owner August Busch II proposed re-naming Sportsman's Park, occupied by the Cardinals, "Budweiser Stadium". When this idea was rejected by Ford Frick, the Commissioner of Baseball at that time, Anheuser-Busch then proposed the title "Busch Stadium" after one of the company's founders. The name was readily approved, and Anheuser-Busch subsequently released a new product called "Busch Bavarian Beer" [now known as Busch Beer]. The name would later be shifted to the Busch Memorial Stadium in 1966, shortened in the 1970s to "Busch Stadium" and remained the stadium's name until it closed in 2005. By that time, Major League Baseball's policy had changed – with Coors Field in Denver and Miller Park in Milwaukee going up in that span – and Anheuser-Busch (who retained the naming rights after selling the team) was able to use the same name for the Cardinals' new stadium which opened on April 4, 2006.

 

Another early example is when the New England Patriots of the National Football League sold the rights to name the stadium that they had constructed in Foxborough, Massachusetts in 1970-1971 to the Schaefer brewery.

The public reaction to this practice is mixed. Naming rights sold to new venues have largely been accepted, especially if the buyer has strong local connections to the area, such as the case of Rich Stadium in the Buffalo suburb of Orchard Park, Heinz Field in Pittsburgh, and Coors Field in Denver.

Selling the naming rights to an already-existing venue has been notably less successful, as in the attempt to rename Candlestick Park in Francisco to 3Com Park. The general public [and some media outlets] continued to call the facility what it had been known as for over three decades – Candlestick Park. After the agreement with 3Com expired, the rights were resold to Monster Cable, and the stadium was renamed Monster Park. San Francisco voters had the final say; they passed an initiative in the November 2004 elections that stipulates that the facility's name will revert to Candlestick Park once the current naming rights contract expires in 2008. The initiative is largely ceremonial: it would not apply to a new stadium, which the 49ers are currently planning to build.

Sports stadiums with naming rights deals are not limited to the United States. "Named" stadiums can be found in countries including Australia, Japan, China, Finland, Canada, and Israel. The practice is widening in the United Kingdom; for instance the current stadium of Bolton Wanderers is the Reebok Stadium and Arsenal Football Club's new stadium for the 2006/2007 season is the Emirates Stadium, their previous ground being Arsenal Stadium. In cricket the most famous example is The Oval, home of Surrey County Cricket Club. It has had several sponsors over the years, and is currently known as "The Brit Oval", having originally been known as the "Kennington Oval", the district of London in which it is.

The record for the highest amount paid for naming rights belongs to Citi Field [opened in 2009] and Barclays Center [scheduled to open in 2011], both located in New York City. Each garnered deals of $20 million per year for at least 20 years, totaling $400 million.

The New Meadowlands Stadium, shared home of the New York Giants and New York Jets in East Rutherford, New Jersey was expected to eclipse both deals, with experts estimated it would value $25–30 million annually.


REPRESENTATIONAL NAMING RIGHTS STUDY EXHIBIT 2016 SUPPLIMENT

"AEG, Farmers Insurance in naming-rights deal for proposed NFL stadium,,,"

www.farmersfield.com

TBNC Edgemon Your Name Here OPLAT-USA Offshore International Airport & Multi-Dimensional Platform Very Near San Diego, California USA Edgemon Environmental Planners, Site Designers & Engineers, Protectors of The Oceans & The Seas

"The deal, potentially worth $700 million,
would be a significant step toward bringing an NFL team to Los Angeles".

TBNC Edgemon Your Name Here Program OPLAT-USA Offshore International Airport & Multi-Diemnsional Platform Very Near San Diego, California USA Edgemon Environmental Planners, Site Designers & Engineers, Protector of The Oceans & The Seas

Visit This Exciting Economic Benefit Program at Off Site Web Presence
@
www.farmersfield.com

 

 

NEW ESCONDIDO, CALIFORNIA [USA] HOSPITAL REPRESENTATIONAL STUDY EXHIBIT

THREE HUNDRED MILLION DOLLARS [US]

TBNC Edgemon Your Name Here Program OPLAT-USA Offshore International Airport & Multi-Dimensional Platform, San Diego Region, Southern California USA Edgemon Environmental Planners, Site Designers & Engineers, Protectors of The Oceans & The Seas

TBNC Edgemon Your Name Here program Oplat-USA Offshore International Airport & Multi-Dimensional Platform Very Near San Diego, California USA Edgemon Environmental Planners, Site Designers & Engineers, protectors of The Oceans & The Seas,,,

TBNC Edgemon Your Name Here program OPLAT-USA Offshore International Airport & Multi-Dimensional Platform, Very Near San Diego, California USA Edgemon Environmental Planners, Site Designers & Engineers, Protector of The Oceans & The Seas

 

ARTICLE EXCERPTS NCT 02.09.10

The eleven [11] story building rising from a hilltop overlooking the crossroads of Highway 78 and Interstate 15 is now called Palomar Medical Center West ---- but THREE HUNDRED MILLION [$300m] DOLLARS [US] could change that name very quickly.

The Palomar Hospital Foundation is working on a massive fund raising campaign, billed on its Web site as the biggest ever for the public hospital, to help pay for a structure that is estimated to cost more than NINE HUNDRED MILLION [$900m] DOLLARS [US].

Though the campaign's main goal is to raise at least FIFTY-FIVE MILLION [$55m] DOLLARS [US] to help build the new hospital, foundation President Terence Green said this week that any extra funds would help pay for other parts of Palomar Pomerado's master plan, which calls for a new medical tower at Pomerado Hospital in Poway and for a range of other upgrades and satellite clinics.

As is often the case for hospitals, naming rights are a big part of the recent strategy for raising cash. A list of potential naming "opportunities" listed on the hospital foundation's Web site would make any NASCAR team owner proud. For TEN THOUSAND [$10,000] DOLLARS [US], you can sponsor a nurses station; for TWO HUNDRED FIFTY THOUSAND [$250,000] DOLLARS [US] , an operating room; for FIVE MILLION [$5m] DOLLARS [US], the main lobby; for FIFTY MILLION [$50m] DOLLARS [US], the hospital's west wing; and for THREE HUNDRED MILLION [$300m] DOLLARS [US]; the entire structure.

 

PPH ESCONDIDO COMPARATIVE OPLAT OFFSHORE INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT

TBNC Edgemon Your Name Here Program Oplat-USA Offshore Internatonal Airport & Multi-Dimensional Platform Very Near San Diego, California USA Edgemon Environmental Planners, Site Designers & Engineers, protectors of Oceans & The Seas

 

TBNC Edgemon Your Name Here Naming Rights Oplat-USA Offshore International Airport & Multi-Dimensional Platform, Edgem E\nvironmental Planners, Site Designers & Engineers, Protectors of Oceans & The Seas

 

TBNC Edgemon OPLAT USA Offshore International Airport Platform Program San Diego Region, California USA Edgemon Environmental Planners, Site Designers & Engineers, USA Edgemon

 

 


 

 

SAN DIEGO AREA COMMUNITY COMMENTARY

TBNC Edgemon Oplat Offshore International Airport San Diego Region, California USA Environmnetal Planning Programs Edgemon USA

 

TBNC Edgemon Traffic at Twelve O'Clock, Less than a Mile 46TE, Oplat-USA Edgemon Offshore International Airport & Multi-Dimensional Platform, very Near San Diego, California USA Edgemon Environmental Planners, Site Designers & Engineers, Protectors of Oceans & The Seas

OPLAT- ATC Center : "uhhh,,,,four,,,,,,,,,,,six,,,,,,,tango echo,,,,,,,uhhhh,,,,,,Center,,,,,
your traffic is now at twelve o'clock,,,,,,,,,,less than a mile,,,,,,
"

REPRESENTATIONAL TBNC OPLAT STUDY   •   AIR TRAFFIC CONTROL

 

 

Return to the TOP of THIS PAGE

Return to TBNC Home Page

 

an interdisciplinary planning & design collaboration

www.TBNC-California.com

7040 AVENIDA ENCINAS   ·  SUITE 104.299
CARLSBAD    ·   CALIFORNIA   92011.4652

 

760.729.9231 CORPORATE    ·    760.434.5869 FACSIMILE

 

 

© 2008-2017 COPYRIGHT

All components and elements depicted within this publication, including the design, configuration, narrative and discussions,
and the presentation in abstract, unless otherwise stated, is the sole property of TBNC.

Copyright and other Intellectual Property Laws protect this material.

Reproduction or transmission of this material, in whole or in part, in any manner, without the prior written consent
of the copyright holder, is a violation of copyright law.