creativity is a powerful asset

 

ENVIRONMENTAL PLANNING & SITE DESIGN


CASE STUDY

 

REPRESENTATIONAL THEME BRANDED COMMERCIAL CAMPUS
NORTH CARLSBAD  ·  SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA  · USA

 

 

TBNC Edgemon Commercial Properties Sunset libraria + gardenplace North Carlsbad Draft Site Studies Southern California USA

 

 

PROJECT THEME BRANDING

Theme-Branding refers to several different marketing arrangements:

Theme-Branding, also called Brand Partnership, is when two companies form an alliance to work together, creating marketing synergy. The term is relatively new to the business vocabulary and is used to encompass a wide range of marketing activity involving the use of two [and sometimes more] brands. Theme-Branding could be considered to include sponsorships, where Valentino lends it name to Ferrari or accountants Ernst and Young support the Monet exhibition."

Theme-Branding is an arrangement that associates a single product or service with more than one brand name, or otherwise associates a product with someone other than the principal producer. The typical agreement involves two or more companies acting in cooperation to associate any of various logos, color schemes, or brand identifiers to a specific product that is contractually designated for this purpose. The object for this is to combine the strength of two brands, in order to increase the premium consumers are willing to pay, make the product or service more resistant to copying by private label manufacturers, or to combine the different perceived properties associated with these brands with a single product.

 

FORMS OF THEME BRANDING

There are many different sub-sections of Theme-Branding. Companies can work with other companies to combine resources and leverage individual core competencies, or they can use current resources within one company to promote multiple products at once. The forms of Theme-Branding include: ingredient Co-Branding / Theme-Branding, same-company Theme-Branding, joint venture Theme-Branding, and multiple sponsor Theme-Branding. No matter which form a company chooses to use, the purpose is to respond to the changing marketplace, build one’s own core competencies, and work to increase product revenues.

Theme-Branding can be between an organization and a product also. An example of Theme-Branding between a charity and a manufacturer is the association of Sephora and Operation Smile: Sephora markets a product carrying the logo of the charity, the consumer is encouraged to associate the two brands, and a portion of the proceeds benefit the charity.

CO-LOCATION THEME BRANDING

Co-Location (or collocation) is the act of placing multiple [sometimes related] entities within a single location.

Co-Location is often used in the data sourcing industry to mean off-site data storage, usually in a data center. This is very important for businesses since the loss of data can be crucial for companies of any size. An unexpected loss in data can result from fires, earthquakes, floods, or any sort of natural disaster.

In an organization, it refers to placing related roles or groups in a single room, building or campus.

In business, it refers to the practice of locating multiple similar businesses in the same facility.

In trading, it often refers to placing multiple data centers in proximity to trading centers.

In telecommunications, primarily wireless telecommunications facilities such as mobile wireless [cell sites] and radio broadcasting, it refers to the practice of locating multiple wireless broadcast facilities / providers within the same facility. Many jurisdictions now mandate co-location of mobile wireless carriers within a single facility to avoid the proliferation of wireless communication towers.

In the fast food restaurant industry, one primary use of this concept is Yum! Brands with its KFC, Taco Bell, A&W Restaurants, Long John Silver's and Pizza Hut divisions.

In the retail sector, Sears Holdings often operates its large format Sears stores with an H&R Block tax services office, a Lands' End clothing store and other independent operations.

In the airline industry, co-location commonly occurs at airports. Airline alliances will be assigned or build a fortress out of certain terminals or dominant carrier-specific terminals. An example would be at Tokyo's Narita Airport, where local carrier All Nippon Airways, a member of the Star Alliance, and its partners operate in one terminal to facilitate partner connections and product offerings, even offering combined check-in, member lounges, and ground services.

 

TBNC Edgemon Commercial Facilities & Community Benefit Development, Sunset libraria & gardenplace North Carlsbad Environmental Planning, California USA

The Lifestyle Brand with Focus on
Homes, Garden Places, Entertainment, Food & Wine, Books & Consumer Merchandise,
Travel Services and Special Community & Regional Lifestyle Events.

ESTABLISHMENT


STUDY CREDIT

TBNC Edgemon Community Enhancing Commercial Development & Pblic Parklands Environmental Planning, Site Design & Engineering Edgemon CSLB 274107
REPRESENTATIONAL
RECENT PUBLICATION ISSUE

 

Sunset began in 1898 as a promotional magazine for the Southern Pacific Transportation Company, designed to combat the negative "Wild West" stereotypes about California.

The Sunset Limited was the premier train on the Southern Pacific Railroad’s Sunset Route, which ran between New Orleans and San Francisco; the train is still in operation from Los Angeles to this day, as part of the national Amtrak system.

Sunset Magazine was started to be available onboard and at the station, in order to promote the West. It aimed to lure tourists onto the company’s trains, entice guests to the railroad’s resort [the Hotel Del Monte in Monterey], and possibly encourage these tourists to stay and buy land, since the Southern Pacific was the largest single landowner in California and Nevada.

The inaugural issue featured an essay about Yosemite, with photographs by noted geologist Joseph LeConte. There were social notes from Western resorts, like this from Pasadena: “The aristocratic residence town of Southern California and rendezvous for the traveling upper ten has enjoyed a remarkably gay season and the hotel accommodations have been sorely taxed”; and information about train travel. Poetry featuring railroad themes and a later string of short stories in which characters swapped tall tales, always aboard a train, also highlighted travel by rail. Most of these early stories were penned by Paul Shoup, who later abandoned fiction to become president of the Southern Pacific.

 

BUILDING Sunset HEADQUARTERS MENLO PARK

For its first five decades, Sunset was headquartered in various downtown San Francisco office buildings. In 1951, the headquarters was moved to Menlo Park, California, a suburb located twenty-five [25] miles [40 km] south of San Francisco. The seven [7] acre [28,000 m2] parcel was a remnant of a 19th-century estate owned by the Hopkins family.

Its new headquarters was designed by Cliff May, known for his designs of ranch-style houses, which had been featured in Sunset for two decades. May created a long, low, adobe homestead that surrounded a central courtyard. For a while, Sunset referred to the Menlo Park headquarters as the Laboratory of Western Living. Its test kitchen processes thousands of recipes a year. It tests its gardening advice in a test garden.

To this day, the compound draws thousands of visitors each year.

Many great artists, including Jack London and Georgia O'Keeffe, have contributed to Sunset Magazine.

 

   TBNC Edgemon Community Enhanced & Benficial Commercial Site Development & Public Parklands Carlsbad California Edgemon Environmental Planning, Site Design & Engineering Programs California Edgemon

 

BRITISH MODEL GARDEN CENTRE


STUDY CREDIT

 

A garden centre in the UK sells plants, compost, fertilizers, tools and landscaping products such as statues, furniture and garden ornaments. Some also sell pet related products and small pets such as guinea pigs, rabbits, fish and mice. Most garden centres have branched out and sell home and interior products as well, for example items such as small furniture and Christmas related products.

 

The UK has a mix of small businesses and national or regional chains. Garden centre chains in the UK include Capital Gardens, Dobbies, Hillier, Notcutts, Squires and The Garden Centre Group, previously known as Wyevale. The DIY chains B&Q and Homebase also have their own garden centres, alongside their traditional DIY warehouse or store.

In recent years, garden centres have evolved to become a leisure destination with play centres for children, restaurants and other activities designed to improve the shopping experience and increase the time spent at the centre. These changes have partly come about because the main competitors against traditional garden centres, the DIY chains, start to bring down prices and the increasing threat from the well established online Garden centres such as Crocus, Greenfingers and Gardening Express although companies such as Capital Gardens, Dobbies, Riverside and The Garden Centre Group have responded by developing and marketing their own online operations. Some open air attractions [eg, National Trust properties, the RHS Garden, Wisley, Westonbirt Arboretum] also run small garden centres as additional sources of revenue or to discourage the unofficial taking of plant cuttings.

The centres usually obtain their plant supplies from nurseries or from specialist wholesalers.

The peak business seasons in the UK are spring [March to June] and autumn [September and October].

A garden centre offers more products and services than the traditional nursery which mainly retails plants. Garden centres offer not only garden supplies but also leisure buildings, garden furniture, products for pets and fish keeping, and giftware and home products. Many larger centres also have florist departments, wild bird care and their own restaurants. They have also diversified into the Christmas market heavily supplying such goods as traditional Christmas Trees, decorations and novelty and seasonal foods.

Garden centres include concessions that are either operated as manned, unmanned or short term promotional businesses. They trade under a lease and licence contract which govern the business relationship. garden centre concessions use their own branding, employ their own personnel and transact their sales thorough their own tills. The concessions are granted a degree of exclusivity to retail their product ranges which are complementary to the garden centre.

The oldest garden centre in the UK is 'Plant and Harvest' in West Wycombe, Buckinghamshire. A walled garden, built as the kitchen gardens for the Dashwood Estate, it has been selling plants since 1775.

In 2007, the retailer, Tesco, has attempted to move into the garden centre market through acquisition

 

 

 

TBNC Sunset libraria & gardenplace Planning @ TFMNCO Mid-Floors Plan Set Sheet Exhibit 001

 

"Garden Centres", or "gardenplaces" have evolved to become a leisure destination with educational, recreational and play centres for
adults and children, libraries and mercantile, restaurants and culinary schools, home decor and furnishings, fountains and waterfeatures
and other activities designed to improve the shopping experience and increase the time spent at the centre."

 

 

TBNC Edgemon Environmental Planners, Site Designers & Engineers, Construction Managers Sunset libraria & gardenplace San Diego, CA, USA Patio Decor Edgemon 274107

REPRESENTATIONAL HOME DECORE & PATIO MERCANTILE

 

gardenplace
MERCANTILE PERSONALITY & CHARACTER

TBNC Edgemon Sunset libraria & gardenplace San Diego, CA, Environmental Planning, Site Design & Engineering, Construction Management Edgemon CSLB 274107

TBNC Edgemon Sunset libraria & gardenplace San Diego, CA, USA. Edgemon Environmental Planners, Site Designers & Engineers, Construction Managers Edgemon CSLB 274107

TBNC Edgemon Sunset libraria & gardenplace San Diego, CA, USA Environmental Planning, Site Design & Engineering, Construction Management Edgemon CSLB 274107

TBNC Edgemon Sunset libraria & gardenplace San Diego, CA Environmental Planning, Site Design & Engineering Construction Management Edgemon CSLB 274107

LF.NS.014.080

TBNC Edgemon Sunset libraria & gardenplace, San Diego, CA, USA Environmental Planning, Site Design & Engineering & Construction Management Edgemon CSLB 274107

LF.NS.035.120

 

LF.NS.035.142

Well designed furniture conveys emotion.  It's about feeling with more than the senses.  "Natchez," a new furniture collection from Lloyd/Flanders®, is based on romance.  Elements such as sweeping lines and indulgently curved backs anchor a collection sure to turn any head.

Like its namesake on the historic Mississippi, the Natchez Collection represents that hard-to-find gem worth hunting for.  But the Collections's delicacy doesn't mean it's lost any trademark American strength.  Smooth-lined wicker is gently tucked around sturdy metal frames, ensuring long lasting, indoor/outdoor durability.

 

TBNC Edgemon Sunset libraria & gardenplace San Diego, CA. USA Edgemon Environmental Planners, Site Designers & Engineers, Construction Managers CSLB 274107 Edgemon San Diego, CA

TBNC Edgemon Sunset libraria & gardenplace San Diego, CA USA Edgemon Environmental Planners, Site Designers & Engineers, Construction Managers San Diego Edgemon CSLB 274107

 

TBNC Edgemon Sunset libraria & gardenplace San Diego, CA, USA Edgemon Environmental Planners, Site Designers & Engineers, Construction Managers Edgemon CSLB 274107 USAREPRESENTATIONALSTYLE IMAGERY

TBNC Edgemon Sunset libraria & gardenplace San Diego, CA USA Edgemon Environmental Planners, Site Designers & Engineers, Construction Managers, San Diego Edgemon CSLB 274107

LF.OS.012.055

 

LF.OS.DS2.021

 

Celebrate a world of velvet lawn.  Cool flagstones and quiet fountains. The Oxford Collection was designed with your comfort in mind. The plush box cushions, soft rolling arms, and custom bun feet combine to add a distinctive allure to this collection, giving a sense of aristocracy that is sure to impress family and friends.

Our beautifully woven wicker, set on a sturdy aluminum frame, provides the strength and durability you need with unsurpassed elegance. The Oxford Collection boasts indoor/outdoor construction and offers you total versatility and peace of mind. With its luxurious deep club style seating and extra deep cushions, you will be taken back to Old England for an afternoon in the sun.

TBNC Edgemon Sunset libraria & gardenplace San Diego, CA, Environmental Planning, Site Design & Engineering, Construction Management Edgemon CSLB 274107

Visit LLOYD /  FLANDERS Off Site Web Presence
&
www.lloydflanders.com

 

 

 

GARDEN CENTERS UNITED STATES OF AMERICA


STUDY CREDIT

Some of the items that can be found in US garden centers [US spelling], often called nurseries, include annual and perennial flowers, trees & shrubs, roses, container gardens, hanging baskets, houseplants, water gardening, seeds and bulbs, potting mixes, soil amendments and mulch, fertilizers and chemicals, pottery, garden tools and supplies, fountains and garden decor, much like their UK counterparts.

 

Many US Garden Centres have other departments including wild bird feeding, floral, gift, outdoor furniture and barbecue grills, home decor, landscape design, landscaping services and pet supplies. Most garden centres have a large Christmas department during the holiday season. Some garden centres have added a cafe or coffee bar, but not like the restaurants found in some European garden centres.

 

TBNC Edgemon Environmental Planners. Site Designers & Engineers, Construction Managers Sunset libraria & gardenplace San Diego, CA, USA Edgemon 274107
REPRESENTATIONAL STATUARY PRODUCT LINE

Visit F & R BRONZE STUDIOS Off Site Web Presence
@
www.frbronze.com

 

 

gardenplace
MERCANTILE PERSONALITY & CHARACTER

 

TBNC Edgemon Sunset libraria & gardenplace San Diego, CA USA Edgemon Environmental Planners, Site Designers & Engineers, Construction Managers Edgemon CSLB Edgemon 274107 USA

At Barlow Tyrie, we manufacture our own extensive range of outdoor furniture. Starting in 1920, we quickly earned a reputation for producing teak wood furniture of the finest quality, making us a trusted leader in the industry. Whilst staying true to our heritage is integral to our success, so is innovation. We have extended our furniture range to include collections in stainless steel, aluminium and synthetic weave plus parasols and semi-permanent outdoor pavilions.

 

PARASOL ETYMOLOGY

"Parasol" from "para" meaning to stop or to shield and "sol" meaning sun. The word "umbrella" evolved from the Latin "umbella" [an "umbel" is a flat-topped rounded flower] or "umbra", meaning "shaded." An umbrella or parasol [also called a brolly, parapluie, rainshade, sunshade, gamp, bumbershoot, or umbrolly] is a canopy designed to protect against rain or sunlight.

The term parasol usually refers to an item designed to protect from the sun; umbrella refers to a device more suited to protect from rain. Often the difference is the material; some parasols are not waterproof.  Parasols are often meant to be fixed to one point and often used with patio tables or other outdoor furniture.

 

TBNC Edgemon Sunset libraria & gardenplace San Diego Edgemon Environmental Planners, Site Designers & Engineers, Construction Managers Edgemon CSLB 274107 CA USA
TBNC Edgemon Sunset libraria & gardenplace San Diego, CA, USA Edgemon Environmental Planners, Site Designers & Engineers, Construction Managser Edgemon CSLB 274107 CA
TBNC Edgemon Sunset libraria & gardenplace San Diego, CA USA Edgemon Environmental Planners, Site Designers & Engineers, Construction Management Programs Edgemon 274107 CSLB CA.

SLG.DO.3   4M140C  MILANO 40

SLG.DO.3    4SO35C  SORRENTO 35

SLG.DO.3  4M135C MILANO 35

 

PATIO TABLE ETYMOLOGY

In Europe, the first tables specifically designed as and called patio tables, appear to have been made in Britain during the late Victorian era.

According to the listing in Victorian Furniture by R. W. Symonds & B. B. Whineray and also in The Country Life Book of English Furniture by Edward T. Joy, a table designed by E. W. Godwin in 1868 and made in large numbers by William Watt, and Collinson and Lock, is a coffee table. If this is correct it may be one of the earliest made in Europe. Other sources, however, list it only as 'table' so this can be stated categorically. Far from being a low table, this table was about twenty-seven inches [27"] high.

Later patio tables were designed as low tables and this idea may have come from the Ottoman Empire, based on the tables in use in tea gardens. However, as the Anglo-Japanese style was popular in Britain throughout the 1870s and 1880s and low tables were common in Japan, this seems to be an equally likely source for the concept of a long low table.

From the late 19th century onwards, many patio and coffee tables were subsequently made in earlier styles due to the popularity of revivalism, so it is quite possible to find Louis XVI style coffee tables or Georgian style coffee tables, but there seems to be no evidence of a table actually made as a coffee table before this time.

Joseph Aronson writing in 1938 defines a coffee table as a, "Low wide table now used before a sofa or couch. There is no historical precedent...," suggesting that coffee tables were a late development in the history of furniture.

Also, the use of similar tables has been recorded in the ancient Greek era, following the Roman conquest of North-East Africa.

 

TBNC Edgemon Sunset libraria & gardenplace San Diego Edgemon Environmental Planners, Site Designers & Engineers, Construction Managers San Diego, CA Edgemon CSLB 274107
TBNC Edgemon Sunset libraria & gardenplace San Diego Edgemon CSLB 274107 Environmental Planners, Site Designers & Engineers, Construction Managers California USA Edgemon
TBNC Edgemon Sunset libraria & gardenplace San Diego, California USA Edgemon Environmental Planners, Site Designers & Engineers, Construction Managers Edgemon CSLB 274107

SLG.DO.7   2EOL09  EDINBURGH

SLG.DO.7   1REFS  RECLINER

SLG.DO.7    2MIL06  MISSION

 

  TBNC Edgemon Sunset libraria & gardenplace San Diego, CA, USA Environmental Planners, Site Designers & Enginners, Construction Managers Edgemon San Diego, CA CSLB 274107      
MISSION STATEMENT

To be the leading manufacturer of leisure furniture
whose brand represents the highest standard of quality and service.

 

REPRESENTATIONAL  gardenplace   PATIO DECORE & HOMELIFE ACCOUTREMENT

TBNC Edgemon Sunset libraria & gardenplace San Diego, California USA Edgemon Environmental Planners, Site Designers & Engineers, Construction Management programs CA CSLB 274107 Edgemon
TBNC Edgemon Sunset libraria & gardenplace San Diego, CA USA Edgemon Environmental Planners, Site Designers & Engineers, Construction Managers San Diego CA USA Edgemon 274107 CSLB
TBNC Edgemon Sunset libraria & gardenplace San Diego, California USA Edgemon Environmental Planners, Site Designers & Engineers, Construction Managers CA CSLB Edgemon 274107

SLG.DO10    3CV60  CAISSE 60

SLG.DO10    3RE  REIMS CHEST

SLG.DO10   2CR  CHICHTON

 

 PRODUCT QUALITY STATEMENT

At Barlow Tyrie, we only manufacture furniture of the highest quality, achieved by combining the best materials with our many years of experience. Our range of furniture includes many pieces that have won design awards and are frequently copied classics.

We make our teak furniture from the top grade of plantation grown teak (tectona grandis) sourced from Indonesia. We combine the teak with fittings made from marine-quality solid brass or stainless steel.

We make our stainless steel furniture from two grades of stainless steel; 316 grade, known as 'marine grade' due to its common usage in coastal environments, and 304 grade, which is more commonly used inland. Both grades make for excellent quality garden furniture.

The powder coated aluminium furniture we manufacture is created from 'Virgin Aluminium', so-called because it has not previously been recycled. This makes the furniture even stronger and longer lasting.

For our woven furniture, we use the finest synthetic material, which is woven by hand over powder coated aluminium frames. This combination creates a piece of furniture that is strong, colour-fast and resistant to sun and rain.

For chairs that require a fabric sling, such as the Horizon Stacking Armchair, the sling is made from Textilene ® which is woven from a PVC coated polyester, non-stretch yarn resulting in a product that is very strong, colour-fast and resistant to sun and rain. Similarly, our cushions are made from Sunbrella fabric; a 100% solution dyed acrylic fibre that is colour fast and resistant to mildew.

TBNC Edgemon Sunset libraria & gardenplace San Diego, CA, USA Environmental Planners, Site Designers & Enginners, Construction Managers Edgemon San Diego, CA CSLB 274107

Visit BARLOW TYRIE Web Presence Off Site
@
www.teak.com/english/index.shtml

 


 

THE LOWES & HOME DEPOT HOME IMPROVEMENT GARDEN CENTER EXPERIENCE

TBNC Edgemon Sunset libraria & gardenplace San Diego, CA USA, Edgemon Environmental Planners, Site Designers & Engineers, CA CSLB Edgemon No. 274107           TBNC Edgemon Sunset libraria & gardenplace San Diego, California USA Edgemon Environmental Planners, Site Designers & Engineers, Construction Managers Edgemon CA  CSLB 274107

Both of the largest home improvement stores in the US; Lowe's and The Home Depot refer to their gardening departments as garden centres.

Greenhouses are commonly part of a US Garden Centre. Greenhouses protect the plants from late cold snaps, allow stores to keep houseplants in prime condition, and keep the customers dry on rainy days.

Garden centres employ horticulturists who can diagnose problems and make recommendations to gardeners. This is almost always provided as a free service in the store and some of the bigger garden centres have classes that are open to the public.

Most garden centres are independently owned. There are some regional chains, but there is no national US Garden Centre Chain, unlike in the UK where there are several.

Many garden centres belong to a buying cooperative. The largest is Master Nursery Garden Centers with just under eight hundred [800] members followed by Home and Garden Showplace [part of the larger cooperative the True Value Company] with two hundred sixty [260] members, Northwest Nursery Buyers Association with forty-six [46] members and finally, ECGC with fourteen [14] very large garden centre members.

The trade associations of independent garden centres in the US is the Garden Centers of America and the American Nursery & Landscape Association.

 

 

TBNC Sunset libraria & gardenplace Elevation View from Singh - Highway 78 Northerly TFMNCO San Diego County, USA

 

BOARD OF MANAGERS MEETING AT THE GAZEBO

TBNC TFMNCO Sunset libraria & gardenplace Corporate Board Meeting @ Gazebo USA


THE FIRE MOUNTAIN NURSERY COMPANY
&
Rebecca's of Fire Mountain

The Nursery Company Professionals Image Right to Left

DONNA SUE ALLEN
Corporate Vice President - Business Manager

REBECCA MATTINGLY-PARKER
Nursery Sales Manager

LOUISE
The Intern

 

 

The Fire MountainNursery Company Edgemon Pilot Bert Winford Aerial Site Plan North San Diego County, USA

SITE PLANNING PARCEL AERIAL IMAGE

 

Image Credit
BERT J. WINFORD

Viewline Azimuth
238° Westerly

Aerial Platform
NORTH AMERICAN B-260

Flight Captain
TOM EDGEMON
Commercial Pilot - Project Owner

 

 

TBNC Edgemon Fire Mountain Nursery Company San Diego, California Premier Specimen Trees & Site Development programs USA Edgemon
TBNC Edgemon Fire Mountain Nursery Company San Diego County Premier Specimen Trees & Site Development Contractors USA Edgemon

Founded 1962

 

TBNC Edgemon Theme Branded Commercial Enterprises, Environmental Planning, Site Design & Engineering The Fire Mountain Nursery Companu USA California Edgemon
TBNC Edgemon The Fire Mountain Nursery Company North Carlsbad, Environmental Planning, Site Design & Engineering, Southern California USA Edgemon CSLB 274107
TBNC Edgemon The Fire Mountain Nursery Company North Carlsbad California Site Development & Engineering Edgemon CSLB 274107 USA

BILL CLARK
Nursery Production Manager

PROTOTYPICAL NURSERY PRODUCTION
Greenhouse 5

PROTOTYPICAL NURSERY PRODUCTION
Greenhouse 3

 

 

 

DRAFT DEPICTION ASSOCIATED WITH SPATIAL & LAND PLANNING ELEMENTS
THE FIRE MOUNTAIN NURSERY COMPANY


THIS PROPOSED PROJECT
PROVIDES A COMMANDING VIEW EXPERIENCE TO THE BUENA VISTA LAGOON & THE PACIFIC OCEAN

 

THE BUENA VISTA LAGOON EXPERIENCE

Buena Vista Lagoon is a coastal inlet of the Pacific Ocean in the South Coast region of Southern California within North County, San Diego County.

The lagoon covers two hundred twenty-three [223] acres of wetland habitat and serves as a geographic border between Carlsbad and Oceanside. Buena Vista Lagoon is managed by the California Department of Fish and Game.

THE FLORA & FAUNA OF THE BUENA VISTA LAGOON

The lagoon harbors at least one hundred three [103] bird species, eighteen [18] mammals, and fourteen [14] amphibians and reptiles. Buena Vista also serves as a valuable wetland habitat for migrating bird species during the fall months.

 

Sunset Libraria & gardenplace Proposed Site Placement Studies Aerial Format edgemon Captain of Flight North San Diego County, California USA

 

 

gardenplace
MERCANTILE PERSONALITY & CHARACTER

THE PROPOSED SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA DISPLAY & SALES CENTER
The Amish Country Gazebos Difference

TBNC Edgemon Environmental Planners, Site Designers & Engineers San Diego California USA Sunset libraria & gardenplace USA Edgemon

Visit Amish Country Gazebos at Off Site Web Presence
@
www.amishgazebos.com

Many have tried to copy an authentic Amish Country Gazebo, but no other company can match the benefits of selecting an original Amish Country Gazebo:

 

REAL PEOPLE & EASY TO REACH

TBNC Edgemon Environmental Planners, Site Designers & Engineers Sunset libraria & gardenplace San Diego, CA USA Edgemon Amish Country gazebos, The MEN 001
Leon, Tom, Chet and Mel
THE BEILER FAMILY
The Heart of Amish Country Gazebos

Amish Country Gazebos is the nation’s leading retailer of custom-built gazebos and gazebo kits. Our nationwide gazebo shipping system allows us to deliver your gazebo to you directly, in a matter of weeks, so you can begin enjoying its beauty and usefulness.

The Amish have for centuries been excellent woodworkers. Their old world craftsmanship and evident pride in their work are what make our gazebos stand apart. The Beiler brothers – Chet, Leon, Mel, and Tom – are the family at the heart of Amish Country Gazebos. They grew up on a hundred-acre Amish family farm in Lancaster County, where they learned the values that guide the company today. 

We Are the Manufacturer

TBNc Edgemon Environmental Planners, Site Designers & Engineers Sunset libraria & gardenplace San Diego Amish Country Gazebo Display Program USA Edgemon

 

Amish Country Gazebos professional designers readily available and eager to assist you sixty-one [61] hours a week: 8:30 a.m. – 8:30 p.m. Monday through Thursday, 8:30 a.m. – 5:00 p.m. Friday, and 10:00 a.m. – 3:00 p.m. Saturday.

Since you are buying directly from Amish Country Gazebos, the manufacturer, you can know you are getting the best value, the best quality, and the best service in the industry. We are not a dealer or middleman.

EXPERIENCE

No one has as much experience or as many happy customers in America. We serve homeowners in every one of the lower forty-eight [48] states every year.

We also ship gazebos to Hawaii nearly every year, and one of our crews even went to Alaska to install a gazebo a few years ago. In addition, our gazebos have been shipped to fourteen [14] foreign countries.

 

TBNC Edgemon Environmental Planners, Site Designers & Engineers, Sunset libraria & gardenplace San Diego, CA, USA Amish Country Gazebo Display Program Edgemon 274107

Lifetime Guarantee

Amish Country Gazebos is the only gazebo company with enough confidence to offer a lifetime guarantee.
This guarantee applies to both wood and vinyl gazebos.

 

TBNC Edgemon Environmental Planners, Site Designers & Engineers Sunset libraria & gardenplace San Diego, CA USA Amish Country gazebos Display Program USA Edgemon 274107

OUR AMISH-BUILT GAZEBOS

WE DO ONLY GAZEBOS

The engineered precision, the quality craftsmanship, the clear assembly instructions, the world-class packaging, and the way you are cared for in making your gazebo dream come true all result from our single-minded focus on your gazebo. Just gazebos.

No distractions! Most other companies add gazebos to a broader product line and are simply middlemen.

Amish Country Gazebos are outdoor structures of the highest quality. Gazebos are all we do, and we control the entire process, from procuring the finest materials to delivering the finished product directly to your home, resort or place of business. We sell more custom gazebos directly to customers than anyone else in the United States. In short, we offer the best product and the best all-around customer experience.

 

 

TBNC Edgemon Sunset libraria & gardenplace San Diego, CA, USA Environmental Planners, Site Designers & Truckers to America Edgemon 274107

REPRESENTATIONAL FLEET UNIT

WORLD-CLASS SHIPPING SYSTEMS

We deliver gazebos direct to customers across the United States on our own trucks

We are the only gazebo company with its own trucks for delivering gazebos across the United States. Your gazebo can weigh more than 2,000 pounds, so in our packaging and delivery systems we make sure it is easy for you to accept delivery.

As you will see when you request our catalog and DVD, our brother Tom and his associates love to deliver gazebos all across the country.

 


TBNC Edgemon Environmental Planners, Site Designers & Engineers Sunset libraria & gardenplace San Diego Amish Country Gazebos Display Program Edgemon 274107

THE BEST LUMBER

TBNC Edgemon Environmental Planners, Site Designers & Engineers San Diego California USA Sunset libraria & gardenplace USA Edgemon

THE BEST CRAFTSMEN & THE BEST MATERIALS

We use only hand-selected, #1 grade, pressure-treated, twice kiln dried southern yellow pine throughout our custom Amish Country Gazebos. Other companies throw in #2 and #3 grade lumber where they think they can get away with it.

And we use more of it. An Amish Country Gazebo has twenty [20%] to thirty [30%] percent more lumber than other companies’ gazebos. Your vinyl gazebo is equally more substantial.

2 × 6 Roof Rafters and Floor Joists

Most companies use 2 × 4s. Amish Country Gazebos’ 2 × 6 rafters and joists are 50 percent stronger!

1 × 6 Tongue-and-Groove Ceiling

Many companies use plywood or knotty cedar boards for the ceiling. It pales in comparison to the beauty and strength of #1, hand-selected, pressure-treated lumber that we use in your gazebo ceiling.

Screws, Not Nails

No other gazebo company uses stain-resistant screws throughout the gazebo like Amish Country Gazebos. Other gazebos are made with nails. We use only screws.

 

 

TBNC Edgemon Environmental Planning Site Design & Engineering Sunset libraria & gardenplace San Diego mish Country Gazebos edgemon

 

 

 

 

 

TBNC Edgemon Environmental Planning Site Design & Engineering Sunset librararia & gardenplace San Diego Amish Country Gazebos Credits Edgemon 274107

Representational Production Model
AMISH COUNTRY GAZEBOS

THE gardenplace

A gardenplace is a planned space, usually outdoors, set aside for the display, cultivation, and enjoyment of plants and other forms of nature.

The gardenplace can incorporate both natural and man-made materials. The most common form today is known as a residential gardenplace, but the term gardenplace has traditionally been a more general one.

Zoos, which display wild animals in simulated natural habitats, were formerly called zoological gardens. Western gardens are almost universally based on plants, with garden often signifying a shortened form of botanical gardenplace.

The etymology of the word refers to enclosure: it is from Middle English gardin, from Anglo-French gardin, jardin, of Germanic origin; akin to Old High German gardgart, an enclosure or compound, as in Stuttgart. See Grad (Slavic settlement) for more complete etymology.

The words yard, court, and Latin hortus [meaning "gardenplace," hence horticulture and orchard], are cognates—all referring to an enclosed space.

The term "garden" in British English refers to a small enclosed area of land, usually adjoining a building. This would be referred to as a yard in American English.

Some traditional types of eastern gardens, such as Zen gardens, use plants such as parsley. Xeriscape gardens use local native plants that do not require irrigation or extensive use of other resources while still providing the benefits of a garden environment. Gardens may exhibit structural enhancements, sometimes called follies, including water features such as fountains, ponds [with or without fish], waterfalls or creeks, dry creek beds, statuary, arbors, trellises and more.

Some gardens are for ornamental purposes only, while some gardens also produce food crops, sometimes in separate areas, or sometimes intermixed with the ornamental plants.

Food-producing gardens are distinguished from farms by their smaller scale, more labor-intensive methods, and their purpose [enjoyment of a hobby rather than produce for sale]. Flower gardens combine plants of different heights, colors, textures, and fragrances to create interest and delight the senses.

 

 

TBNC Edgemon Environmental Planners, Site Designers % Engineers Sunset libraria & gardenplace San Diego, CA Amish Country Gazebo Program

Representational Production Model
AMISH COUNTRY GAZEBOS
Fall Season United States of America

 

Visit Amish Country Gazebos at Off Site Web Presence
@
www.amishgazebos.com

 

TBNC Edgemon Environmental Planners, Site Designers & Engineers Sunset libraria & gardenplace San Diego, CA, USA Amish Country Gazebos Display Program Edgemon 284107

CONTACT AMISH COUNTRY GAZEBOS

If you have other questions and would like to speak with one of our knowledgeable gazebo designers, they are ready to answer your questions about our gazebos.

800.700.1777  Toll Free

Monday – Thursday:   8:30 a.m. – 8:30 p.m.
Friday:   8:30 a.m. – 5:00 p.m.
Saturday:    10:00 a.m. – 3:00 p.m.
[all times Eastern]

Amish Country Gazebos Headquarters and Woodworking Shop are located in
Lancaster County, Pennsylvania

Amish Country Gazebos
340 Hostetter Road
Manheim  ·  Pennsylvania 17545

 

TBNC Edgemon Environmental Planners, Site Designers & Engineers Sunset libraria & gardenplace San Diego, CA USA Amish Country Gazebo Display Program Edgemon 274107

 

 

 

GAZEBO ETYMOLOGY



TBNC Edgemon Sunset libraria & gardenplace Environmental Planning, Site Design & Engineering, the 'Ol gazebo Study Program San Diego, CA, USA Edgemon 274107

THE GAZEBO DESIGN

Gazebos are freestanding or attached to a garden wall, roofed, and open on all sides; they provide shade, shelter, ornamental features in a landscape, and a place to rest. Some gazebos in public parks are large enough to serve as bandstands or rain shelters.

THE GAZEBO TYPES

Gazebos include pagodas, pavilions, kiosks, belvederes, follies, alambras, pergolas, and rotundas. Such structures are popular in warm and sunny climates. They are in the literature of China, Persia, and many other classical civilizations, going back to several millennia. Examples of such structures are the garden houses at Montacute House in Somerset, England.

The gazebo at Elton on the Hill in Nottinghamshire, thought to date from the late 18th or early 19th century, is a square battlemented tower like a fort, part of an extensive system of red-brick walled gardens.

THE GAZEBO ETYMOLOGY

The word origin is unknown and has no cognates in other European languages. False etymologies are proposed, such as the French Que c'est beau["How beautiful"] and the Macaronic Latin gazebo["I shall gaze"]. L.L. Bacon proposed a derivation from Casbah, a Muslim quarter around the citadel in Algiers. W. Sayers proposed Hispano-Arabic qushaybah, in a poem by Cordoban poet Ibn Quzman [d. 1160].

The word gazebo was used by British architects John and William Halfpenny in their book Rural Architecture in the Chinese Taste [1750]. Plate 55 of the book “Elevation of a Chinese Gazebo” shows “a Chinese Tower or Gazebo, situated on a Rock, and raised to a considerable Height, and a Gallery round it to render the Prospect more complete”.

George Washington had a small eight-sided garden structure at Mount Vernon. Thomas Jefferson wrote about gazebos - called summerhouses or pavilions.

In contemporary England and North America gazebos are typically built of wood and covered with standard roofing materials, such as shingles. Gazebos can be tent-style structures of poles covered by tensioned fabric. Gazebos may have screens to aid in the exclusion of flying insects.

Temporary gazebos are often set up in the campsites of music festivals in the United Kingdom and North America, usually accompanying tents around it.

 

 

gardenplace
MERCANTILE PERSONALITY & CHARACTER

 

TBNC Edgemon Sunset libraria & gardenplace San Diego, CA USA Environmental Planers, Site Designers & Engineers, Elmira Stove Contractors Vendor Company San Diego

TBNC Edgemon Sunset libraria & gardenplace San Diego, California USA Elmira Stove Hardware Vendor, Environmental Planners, Site Designers & Engineers, Construction Managers Edgemon CSLB 274107

TBNC Edgemon Sunset libraria & gardenplace San Diego, California USA Edgemon Environmental Planners, Site Designers & Engineers, Construction Mangers, toooo, Edgemon CSLB 274107 CA

www.elmirastoveworks.com

285 Union Street  ·  Elmira   ·  Ontario   N3B 3P1
  800.295.8498
   Toll Free

519.669.1281  Contact    ·    519. 669.1774   Facsimile

 

ELMIRA STOVE WORKS
100 YEARS OF STYLE    ·    36 YEARS OF HISTORY

Elmira, Canada – For thirty-six [36] years Elmira Stove Works has designed and manufactured appliances with unique style and the latest in performance technology for the home chef.

The company's Antique line brings 1850s warmth and tradition to the kitchens of country, Victorian, and century home enthusiasts. Its retro Northstar appliances rev up kitchens, recreation rooms and garages with 1950s nostalgia.

Founded in 1975 by Tom Hendrick, Elmira's reputation is built on providing home enthusiasts with an option to have appliances that become conversation pieces - contributing to antique or retro décor, not simply blending in or even detracting from it."Our customers know what they want and are attracted to our appliances because they're extraordinary and unique," comments Brian Hendrick, Tom's son and Elmira's Vice-President. "No other appliance manufacturer can say that their products span 100 years of styling. What's also important is that our technology and performance are everything needed by today's home chef."


THE ELMIRA STOVE HISTORY

Tom Hendrick became involved in the appliance business in the early 1970s.

Mennonites living near Elmira would frequent his hardware store, looking for parts for their wood burning cookstoves. Eventually, replacement stoves became difficult to find, and parts were in short supply. Hendrick seized the opportunity. Purchasing the rights to a popular original model, he began to market "antique" ranges to farm homes and cottages across North America.

The business grew rapidly and, as the stoves became more visible, requests began to come in for modern, convenient versions. In the mid-eighties, Hendrick launched a series of antique-styled ranges powered by electricity and gas. In 1990 he began developing what has evolved into Elmira's current state-of-the-art appliances."Our ranges in the eighties were essentially electric and gas versions of an old product. It was difficult to incorporate modern features and convenience. In 1990 we made a paradigm shift – we built our beautiful range around a modern appliance," says Hendrick.

 

THE CLASSIC ELMIRA STOVES

TBNC Edgemon Sunset libraria & gardenplace San Diego, California USA Edgemon Environmental Planners, Sire Designers & Engineers, Construction Managers Edgemon CSLB 274107

Fireview high-efficiency wood-burning cookstovesthe latest advance in the way things used to be.

With 36 years’ experience, Elmira is the leader in building truly original cookstoves. The Fireview has the highest efficiency, lowest emissions and most usable features – the best cookstove value available today!

Need to heat the room? Fireview’s 1.6 cubic foot firebox delivers 30,000 - 60,000 BTU’s of the warmth you want. Optional gas burners let you prepare meals on short notice (great for late night arrivals!), and without heating the room on a warm day.

 

TBNC Edgemon Sunset libraria & gardenplace San Diego, California USA Edgemon Environmental Planners, Site Designers & Engineers, Construction Managers CSLB 274107 Edgemon USA

MODEL 1840
WOOD BURNING STOVE
Optional Nickle Legs, Skirt and Victorian Trivet

The spacious three [3.0] cubic foot wood-fired oven easily accommodates a big Thanksgiving turkey;
the warmers let you keep food hot while you finish cooking those last few items.

Fireview’s viewing window allows you to enjoy the fire, and easily and quickly fine-tune your flame for perfect cooking. Water jackets also available.

Fireview wood burning ranges from Elmira Stove Works - efficiency and styling you can really warm up to!

Six [6"] inch flue opening & six [6"] inch clearance to back wall from pipe with double wall pipe and heat shield

Output: 30,000-60,000 BTU [heats approximately 800-1800 square feet]

Burn time: Eight [8] hours; up to ten-plus [10+] hours reported

Firebox depth: Twenty-two [22"] inches


TBNC Edgemon Sunset libraria & gardenplace San Diego, California USA Edgemon Environmental Planners, Site Designers & Engineers, Construction Managers San Diego Edgemon USA CSLB 274107

Visit Elmira Stove Works at Off Site Web Presence
@
www.elmirastoveworks.com

 

 

 

Welcome to Garden Centers of America®!

TBNC Edgemon Environmental Planners, Site Designers & Engineers, Construction Managers Sunset libraria & gardenplace San Diego, CA USA Edgemon 274107

Visit Garden Centers of America at Off Site Web Presence
@
www.gardencentersofamerica.org

Garden Centers of America, established in 1973, is the only trade association in the United States focused fully on the independent retail garden center. GCA is proactive in addressing the issues and challenges that face the industry, and is committed to ensuring the long-term success of the IGC sector. GCA is dedicated to fostering information, education and training that promotes the exchange of ideas, profitability and positive consumer awareness of its individual member firms. 

 

BRIEF GARDEN CENTERS OF AMERICA HISTORY

CREATIVE CREDIT: Ernest Wertheim, a Principal of Wertheim, Van Der Ploeg, & Klemeyer, the father of modern garden center design.

The national nursery industry used to be very oriented to growers, which was not unusual since most of the members in the late 1940's and 1950's were growers or a combination grower/retailer.

The words "garden center", as applied to a nursery operation, were coined in the mid 1950's and only came into their own in July 1972 when the Garden Centers of America formally became a part of the American Association of Nurserymen [AAN].

TBNC Edgemon Environmental Planners, Site Designers & Enginers, Construction Managers, Sunset libraria & gardenplace San Diego, CA USA Edgemon 274107

Jack Schneider, owner of Orchard Nursery in Lafayette, California, was always very active in the local chapter of the California Association of Nurserymen [CAN] and later served as President of the CAN.

After the completion of his new garden center in 1956 he became well known in the national industry because of the innovative design of his garden center. Orchard Nursery was one of the first retail nurseries to sell garden furniture and start Christmas merchandising.

The main purpose of the diversification in the late 1950's was to fill the months when the plant business was very slow or nonexistent. It is important to remember that in the 1950's there were not many vendors who sold items referred to as hard goods.

Mr. Channing Jones of Ortho Chemical [formerly Standard Oil] sold agricultural chemicals; being more or less a neighbor to Orchard Nursery, and a customer, he realized the potential for having the Ortho products in a garden center. I believe credit goes to Mr. Channing for creating nationwide sales of the Ortho products. In addition, he was responsible for writing and distributing a booklet that described garden center designs based on new garden center projects that were done in the 1950's.

As time went on other vendors entered the garden center market helping to make the garden center more diversified and less seasonal.

 

Each year GCA members have the opportunity to get a “behind the scenes” visit to some of the most outstanding garden centers in the country! Not to mention time to mingle with other like-minded individuals and gain new ideas!

GCA Summer Tour - held the third week of June each year. Holiday Tour - held the third week of November.

GCA Holiday Tour focuses on garden centers that do the Holiday season well.

GCA Educational Programs - GCA also coordinates various educational programs at other venues, including the IGC Show in Chicago, TPIE in Fort Lauderdale and others.

AHS Articles - these articles from the American Horticultural Society® are on the GCA website and are restricted to members only. Some of the topics include: Artichokes, Benches, Buckeyes, Composting, Containers, Hollies, Gloves, Mowers, Pest Control, Summer Foliage, Tough Perennials and much, much more! A very valuable benefit that many have utilized in their businesses.

Trees For Troops - Exclusive to GCA members, this program will provide free publicity and recognition for your store to increase Christmas Tree sales while supporting a great cause - providing Christmas Trees for our U.S. soldiers and their families.

IGCA Membership - by becoming a member of GCA, you are also becoming a member of the International Garden Center Association® - which will allow you to expand your horizons beyond the U.S. borders! A lot can be learned from other countries.

 

MEMBERSHIP CATEGORIES 

Garden Center Members - A garden center member of the association shall be a business which has an active independent garden center(s). GCA's commitment is to ensure the long-term success and sustainability of independent retail garden centers of North America. GCA will accomplish this by being the primary forum for information, education and training that promotes the exchange of ideas, profitability and positive consumer awareness of the individual member firms.

Vendor Members  - Firms which are related to the garden center industry and produce products, supply materials or services to the industry, may be admitted as Vendor Members.

TBNC Edgemon Environmental Planners, Site Designers & Engineers, Construction Managers Sunset libraria & gardenplace San Diego, CA USA Edgemon CSLB 274107

 

 

TBNC Edgemon Sunset libraria & gardenplace North San Diego Site Development, Planning & Environmental Engineering Presentations, Edgemon California USA CSLB 274107 USA

PLAN
KEY

FILE
REFERENCE

ENVIRONMENTAL PLANNER & SITE ENGINEER'S EXPANDED NARRATIVE

 
 

SL&GP.SD.ENV.03.RH.001

Vista Way Extension & Interconnection with Existing Cassidy Street Westerly Completes a Vital Regional Circulation & EMS / Fire Service Alignment & Traffic Reduction

SL&GP.SD.ENV.03.RH.002

Area of Proposed Vista Way & Downs Street Signalized Intersection. Roadway Alignments Greatly Enhancing Traffic Circulation and Reduction of Traffic Barriers

SL&GP.SD.ENV.03.RH.003

Vista Way Extension to Cassidy Street is Proposed to be Three [3] Lanes Either Direction with a Oversized Bike Lane and Oversized Cementitious Surface Sidewalks

SL&GP.SD.ENV.03.RH.004

Enhanced Landscape Planted Median and Paverstone Surfacing, Water Conserving Irrigation Full Length Improvements; Jefferson Street to Cassidy Street, Typical

SL&GP.SD.ENV.03.RH.005

Extension and Improved Alignment of Residential Neighborhood Downs Street to Complete Circulation Element to Vista Way. Enhanced EMS / Fire Service Capacities

SL&GP.SD.ENV.03.RH.006

Continuation and Enhancement of Existing Downs Street Surface and Storm Water Sheetflow Drainage Systems, Curbings, Catch Basins and Pedestrian Access, Typical

SL&GP.SD.ENV.03.RH.007

Existing Ivy Road Enhanced Street, Curbing, Drainage and Pedestrian Accessibility. Proposed Traffic Stop Intersection with Downs Street as Pass-Through No Stop

SL&GP.SD.ENV.03.RH.008

Existing and Undisturbed Ivy Road as a Residential Neighborhood Collector Circulation Route. Asphaltic Concrete [AC] Paved Surface with Mandated No Sidewalks

SL&GP.SD.ENV.03.RH.009

Area of Proposed Project Realty [Fee] Dedication to Support the Vista Way Extension Improvements and Completion of the Regional Circulation Element [Community Safety]

SL&GP.SD.ENV.03.RH.010

Architecturally Enhanced, Weather-Shielded Public Transportation Kiosk / Stop with Subdued Night Lighting, Telecommunications and Site Security Video Monitoring

SL&GP.SD.ENV.03.RH.011

Enhanced Vista Way Extension Cementitious Curbings, Sidewalks, Drainage Structures and Safety Signage Improvement the Length of the Proposed Project Plus Eighty [80'] Feet

SL&GP.SD.ENV.03.RH.012

Enhanced Slope Landscape Planting, Including Specimen Trees and Water Conserving Irrigation Improvement the Length of the Proposed Project Plus Eighty [80'] Feet

SL&GP.SD.ENV.03.RH.013

Project Commitment to Establish a Long-Term Maintenance Agreement in Support of the Extended Eighty [80'] Feet  of Slope Improvements Westerly from Property Corner

SL&GP.SD.ENV.03.RH.014

Proposed Project's Commitment to Dedicate and Reconform the Property [Fee] Corner Location to Effect the Vista Way Extension Improvements, Typical

SL&GP.SD.ENV.03.RH.015

Established Site Accessibility Width Clearance and Interior Site Circulation Standards per the City Engineer and Fire Marshall. Oversized Ingress - Egress Modeling Typical

SL&GP.SD.ENV.03.RH.016

Enhanced ADA Accessibility Rampage, Gradients, Circulation, Signage and Applications Exceeding Federal Standards. Architectural Standards Plus Fifteen [15%] Application

SL&GP.SD.ENV.03.RH.017

ADA Van Accessibly Parking Spaces Featured prominently at Ingress, Ample Signage and Directional & Applications, Typical. Enhance Paved Surfaces Typical

SL&GP.SD.ENV.03.RH.018

Fully Fire Sprinklered Three Dimensional Structures, including Balconies, Belvederes and Protective Overstories, Parking Garage, Aisles and Passage Ways, Typical

SL&GP.SD.ENV.03.RH.019

Fully Fire Sprinklered Gazebo Display Models, Greenhouse and Ancillary Exterior Structures, Permanent and Use-Temporary, Aisles and Passage Ways, Typical

SL&GP.SD.ENV.03.RH.020

Masonry Component Property Line Site Demising Six [6'] Ft. Fence In-Set Eight [8"] Inches Clear at Proposed Project's Westerly Residential Exposure Line, Typical Full Length

SL&GP.SD.ENV.03.RH.021

Area of Vacant Remnant Parcel of Unknown Title Origin; Project to Effect a Longer-Term Care and Maintenance Agreement with the City per The Director of Engineering

SL&GP.SD.ENV.03.RH.022

Architecturally Enhanced and Screened Recycle Center Enclosure with SWMP Mandated Coverage. Separation, Protection and Recycle Policy Standards Applicable

SL&GP.SD.ENV.03.RH.023

Subterranean Garage Westerly Egress Stairway and EMS Circulation Routing, including Site Safety and User Information Graphics and Signage Typical

SL&GP.SD.ENV.03.BR.001

Vista Way Extension Surface Water& SWMP Management Improvements per County of San Diego Minimum Standards, Typical Length of Project Plus Eighty [80'] Feet Westerly

SL&GP.SD.ENV.03.BR.002

Downs Street Extension Surface Water& SWMP Management Improvements per City Engineer Minimum Standards, Typical of Conjoined Length of Project

SL&GP.SD.ENV.03.BR.003

Existing Ivy Road Surface Water& SWMP Management Improvements and Intersection Improvements per City Engineer Minimum Standards, Typical of Conjoined Length of Project

SL&GP.SD.ENV.03.BR.004

Enhanced Project Main Entry Surface Sheetwater Flow, Nuisance and SWMP Management. Improvements per City Engineer Minimum Standards, Typical

SL&GP.SD.ENV.03.BR.005

Project's Immediately Conjoined Off-Site Improvements Surface Sheetwater Flow, Nuisance and SWMP Management. Improvements per City Engineer Minimum Standards, Typical

SL&GP.SD.ENV.03.BR.006

Representational Subterranean Garage Surface Sheetflow, SWMP and Nuisance Water Management including Sump Pumps, Recharge and Discharge Systems, Typical

SL&GP.SD.ENV.03.BR.007

Representational Enhanced Openaire Display Surface Sheetflow, SWMP and Nuisance Water Management including Positive Drainage and Discharge Systems, Typical

SL&GP.SD.ENV.03.BR.008

Westerly Neighbor's Undisturbed Gradient Surface Sheetflow, SWMP and Nuisance Water Management including Positive Drainage and Discharge Systems, Typical

SL&GP.SD.ENV.03.BR.009

Existing Ivy Road Steep Gradient Conditions Surface Sheetflow, SWMP and Nuisance Water Management including Positive Drainage and Discharge Systems, Typical

SL&GP.SD.ENV.03.BR.010

Existing & Undisturbed Northerly Residential Neighbor's Surface Sheetflow, SWMP, Erosion and Nuisance Water Management and Discharge Systems, Not Applicable

SL&GP.SD.ENV.03.BR.011

Existing & Undisturbed Easterly Vacant Remnant Parcel Surface Sheetflow, SWMP, Erosion and Nuisance Water Management and Discharge Systems, Not Applicable

SL&GP.SD.ENV.03.BR.012

Project to Effect a Longer-Term SWMP, Erosion Control and Surface Sheetflow Maintenance Agreement Satisfactory to the City Engineer and the County of San Diego, Typical

SL&GP.SD.ENV.03.GC.001

Enhanced Vista Way Extension Median with Linear Plantings of Specimen Trees, Enhanced Cementitious Surfaces and water Conserving Irrigation, Proposed as Typical Full Length

SL&GP.SD.ENV.03.GC.002

Vista Way Extension Linear Landscape Edge Improvements with Linear Sited Specimen Trees Served with Water Conserving Drip Irrigation Methodologies, Typical Full Length

SL&GP.SD.ENV.03.GC.003

Project's Westerly Property Limit Line Improvements at Conjoined Residential Properties Screen Landscape Plantings and Display Specimen Vegetation, Typical at Gradient Control

SL&GP.SD.ENV.03.GC.004

Representational Waterfeature Display Venue & Respite Centre. Enhanced Architectural Display of Aquatic Features Product Line, Design Services & Installation Marketing, Typical

SL&GP.SD.ENV.03.GC.005

Representational Fountains & Statuary Display Venue & Respite Centre.  Enhanced Architectural Display of Product Line, Design Services & Installation Marketing, Typical

SL&GP.SD.ENV.03.GC.006

Co-Branded, Nationally Renown Library and Literary Centre, Meeting & Conference Center Supporting Environmental and Green Industry Education and Informative Literature

SL&GP.SD.ENV.03.GC.007

Co-Branded, Nationally Renown Culinary & Lifestyles Centre, Meeting & Conference Center Supporting Nutritional and Healthy Living Education and Informative Literature

SL&GP.SD.ENV.03.GC.008

Representational Fountains & Statuary Display Venue & Respite Centre. Enhanced Architectural Display of Product Line, Design Services & Installation Marketing, Typical

SL&GP.SD.ENV.03.GC.009

Representational Executive Patio and Marketing Centre with Gazebo, Barbecue, Limited Catered Food and beverage Service. Commanding Buena Vista & Pacific Ocean Views

SL&GP.SD.ENV.03.GC.010

Architecturally Enhanced, Weather-Shielded Public Transportation Kiosk / Stop with Subdued Night Lighting, Telecommunications and Site Security Video Monitoring

SL&GP.SD.ENV.03.GC.011

Representational Enhance Surfaces Public-Accessibility, Exterior Sited Parking Area Featuring Oversized Spaces and Oversized Travel Clearance, Typical

SL&GP.SD.ENV.03.OR.001

Architecturally Enhanced and Oversized Main Entry Approach. Structurally Enhanced for Serviceability and Longevity Typical of Project Philosophy & Purpose

SL&GP.SD.ENV.03.OR.002

Architecturally Enhanced, Hand-Placed Cobblestone / Paverstone Driveway. Structurally Enhanced for Serviceability and Longevity Typical of Project Philosophy & Purpose

SL&GP.SD.ENV.03.OR.003

Project Exceeds Minimum Public-Use, Assigned, ADA Compliancy & Special Application Parking Spaces Criteria.  Draft Planning Proposed Ten [10'] Width Typical

SL&GP.SD.ENV.03.OR.004

Structurally  Enhanced Subterranean Parking Garage including Secure, Tenant Assigned, Locking Door Sub-Garages and Contents Storage Fully Fire Sprinklered

SL&GP.SD.ENV.03.OR.005

Representational Expansive Specimen Plantings as Environmental Consideration and Industry Category Marketing; Landscape Architects, Waterfeature Creators and More

SL&GP.SD.ENV.03.OR.006

Representation Up-Scale Mercantile Products, Display, Delivery and Service Set in Environmentally Enhanced Vignettes, Typical of All Project Commercial Utilizations

SL&GP.SD.ENV.03.OR.007

Professional Environmental Planners, Landscape Architects, Engineers and Green Consultant's Design Studios and Executive Offices with Display Venue Capabilities

SL&GP.SD.ENV.03.OR.008

Professional Environmental Installing Contractors, Green Services Providers & Consultant's Executive Offices with Display Venue Capabilities

SL&GP.SD.ENV.03.OR.009

Representational Display Venue Featuring Hardscape & Softscape Elements, Waterfeature & Fountains Applications, Educational Service and a Restful Vignette Setting

SL&GP.SD.ENV.03.OR.010

Representational Display Venue Featuring Patio & Home Decor Elements, Furnishings & Accouterment Applications, Educational Service and a Restful Vignette Setting

SL&GP.SD.ENV.03.OR.011

Representational Old World Character Exotics Greenhouse and Vegetive Display. Plant Care Education, Best Growth Management Practices and Installation Services

SL&GP.SD.ENV.03.TC.001

Project's Iconic Main Entry Portal; Enhanced Vernacular Architecture, Carillon, Docent & Concierge Office Station, Informational Signage & Project Graphics Program

SL&GP.SD.ENV.03.TC.002

Project's Enhanced Main & Grand Entry ADA Compliant Walkway, Gradient and Adhesion Surface Applications.  Hardscape Display Utilized in Marketing by Landscape Architects

SL&GP.SD.ENV.03.TC.003

Project's Enhanced Site Surfaces ADA Compliant Walkways, Gradients and Adhesion Surface Applications.  Hardscape Display Utilized in Marketing by Landscape Architects

SL&GP.SD.ENV.03.TC.004

Project's Enhanced Hand Placed Cobblestone / Paverstone Drive Surface Applications.  Hardscape Contractors Display Utilized in Marketing by Landscape Architects

SL&GP.SD.ENV.03.TC.005

Project's Display & Sales Level Enhanced Hand Placed Cobblestone / Paverstone Surface Applications Utilized as Marketing by On Site Landscape Architects & Contractors

SL&GP.SD.ENV.03.TC.006

Project's Iconic Main & Grand Entry, Campanile and Limited Access Overview Platform. Commanding Views Easterly and Overlooking the Buena Vista Lagoon & Pacific Ocean

SL&GP.SD.ENV.03.TC.007

Representational Architecturally Enhanced Balconies, Belvederes, and Overlooks Featuring Commanding Views and Overlooking the Buena Vista Lagoon & Pacific Ocean

SL&GP.SD.ENV.03.TC.008

Representational Public-Use and Professional & Commercial Display Patio Setting Vignettes, Typical all Display Level. Respite Venues Typical

SL&GP.SD.ENV.03.TC.009

Representational Professional Display of Waterfeature Artistry & Creation Exhibits.  Enhanced Environment Venues Provide Respite and Consultancies Display Vignettes

SL&GP.SD.ENV.03.TC.010

Representational Old World Character Exotics Greenhouse and Vegetive Display. Plant Care Education, Best Growth Management Practices and Installation Services

SL&GP.SD.ENV.03.TC.011

Prototypically Enhanced Landscape Development Program including Hardscape & Softscape Features & Elements, Design & Installation Guidance and Empirical Exhibits

SL&GP.SD.ENV.03.BD.001

Area of Proposed Project Realty [Fee] Dedication to Support the Vista Way Extension Improvements and Completion of the Regional Circulation Element [Site Safety]

SL&GP.SD.ENV.03.BD.002

Proposed Project's Commitment to Dedicate and Reconform the Property [Fee] Corner Location to Effect the Vista Way Extension Improvements, Typical

SL&GP.SD.ENV.03.BD.003

Project's Draft Zoning Ordinance Mandated Three-Dimensional Set Back Lines, Subject to Determinations by Project Ownership & City Engineer, Typical Four Quadrants

SL&GP.SD.ENV.03.BD.004

Project to Effect a Longer-Term SWMP, Erosion Control and Surface Sheetflow Maintenance Agreement Satisfactory to the City Engineer and the County of San Diego, Typical

SL&GP.SD.ENV.03.BD.005

Representational Existing Residential Properties Westerly [Owned by Project Developer] to be Undisturbed in the Near Term;  Eight [8] Ocean View Estate Homes Proposed

SL&GP.SD.ENV.03.BD.006

Representational Existing Ocean View Residential Properties Northerly, Identified as the Fire Mountain Community to be Undisturbed & Unaffected, Typical

SL&GP.SD.ENV.03.BD.007

Existing Vacant Land Southerly, Owned by the Harry Sigh Estate [Renown Tomato Grower] Currently Being Proposed to be Developed as a Strip Mall Featuring a WalMart

SL&GP.SD.ENV.03.BD.008

Project's [Edgemon] Commitment to Improve Portions of the Downs Street Extension & Travel Safety Alignment and Associated Roadway & Intersection Improvements, Typical

SL&GP.SD.ENV.03.BD.009

Project's [Edgemon] Commitment to Improve Portions of the Conjoined Ivy Road Travel Safety Alignment and Associated Roadway & Intersection Improvements, Typical

 

 

TBNC TFMNCo Sunset libraria and gardenplace Conceptual Planning Parking & Site Plan Set Draft .001 North San Diego County, California USA

 

ENGINEER'S PLANNING NARRATIVE  -  EMS / FIRE  - SITE SAFETY & ADA COMPLIANCE [BRIEF]

SHEET
KEY

FILE REF. NUMBER

 

SLGP.ENG.BD01.RH.01

Vista Way Extension & Interconnection with Existing Cassidy Street Westerly Completes a Vital Regional Circulation & EMS / Fire Service Alignment & Traffic Reduction

SLGP.ENG.BD01.RH.02

Area of Proposed Vista Way & Downs Street Signalized Intersection. Roadway Alignments Greatly Enhancing Traffic Circulation and Reduction of Traffic Barriers

SLGP.ENG.BD01.RH.03

Area of Proposed Project Realty [Fee] Dedication to Support the Vista Way Extension Improvements and Completion of the Regional Circulation Element [Community Safety]

SLGP.ENG.BD01.RH.04

Project's [Edgemon] Commitment to Contribute to the Vista Way Extension Median Improvements and Associated Linear Application of Specimen Trees & Hardscape

SLGP.ENG.BD01.RH.05

Architecturally Enhanced and Oversized Main Entry Approach. Structurally Enhanced for Serviceability and Longevity Typical of Project Philosophy & Purpose

SLGP.ENG.BD01.RH.06

Representational Exhibit Project's [Edgemon] Commitment to Vacate Certain Realty [Fee] and Relinquish Certain Access Rights to the Vista Way Extension Program

SLGP.ENG.BD01.RH.07

Fully Fire Sprinklered Subterranean Parking Structures, including, Aisles and Passage Ways, per Fire Marshal & City Engineer's Mandated Conditions,Typical

SLGP.ENG.BD01.RH.08

Fully Fire Sprinklered Three Dimensional Structures, including Balconies, Belvederes and Protective Overstories, Parking Garage, Aisles and Passage Ways, Typical

SLGP.ENG.BD01.RH.09

Fully Fire Sprinklered Gazebo Display Models, Greenhouse and Ancillary Exterior Structures, Permanent and Use-Temporary, Aisles and Passage Ways, Typical

SLGP.ENG.BD01.RH.10

Representational Exhibits of ADA Compliancy;  Circulation, Accessibility, Signage & Informational Graphics per Federal and State of California Standards and Requirements

SLGP.ENG.BD01.RH.11

Representational Exhibits of ADA Compliancy;  Van Accessibility Parking, Signage & Informational Graphics per Federal and State of California Standards and Requirements

SLGP.ENG.BD01.RH.12

Project's [Edgemon] Commitment to Improve Portions of the Downs Street Extension & Travel Safety Alignment and Associated Roadway & Intersection Improvements, Typical

SLGP.ENG.BD01.RH.13

Prototypical Architecturally Enhanced, Weather-Shielded Public Transportation Kiosk / Stop with Subdued Night Lighting, Telecommunications and Site Security Video Monitoring

SLGP.ENG.BD01.RH.14

Architecturally Enhanced and Screened Recycle Center Enclosure with SWMP Mandated Coverage. Separation, Protection and Recycle Policy Standards Applicable

 

 

CONCEPTUAL PLANNING & SITE ENGINEERING PARKING    ·   SITE SAFETY CIRCULATION APPLICATION   ·  ADA COMPLIANCIES

TBNC Edgemon Sunset libraria & gardenplace Environmental Planning, Site Design & Engineering ADA Compliancy programs San Diego Ca, USA Edgemon

NUMERICAL

ENGINEER REFERENCE

DRAFT STUDY IDENTIFICATION / DESCRIPTION

4

SLG.ADA.PUB.EX.001

Exterior Loaded ADA Compliant Van Accessible Spaces

35

SLG.PUBLIC.EX.001

Exterior Loaded Public Parking Spaces [Oversized]

1

SLG.ADA.PUB.INT.001

Subterranean Garage ADA Compliant Van Accessible Space

10

SLG.ASS.INT.SG.001

Secure Small Car Safety Enclosed Sub-Garage, Tenant Assigned

13

SLG.ASS.INT.001

Subterranean Garage Tenant Assigned Spaces

43

SLG.PUBLIC.INT.001

Subterranean Garage Public Use Spaces [37 Oversize / 6 Small Car Restricted]

 

 

 

106

TOTAL PLANNED

Vehicle Parking Spaces [*Bicycles Supported in Separate Program]

 

 

 


BUILDING CODE & ZONING ORDINANCES REQUIREMENTS

4

O.ADA.PUBLIC.001

ADA Compliant Van Accessible Spaces

88

O.STD.PUBLIC.001

Vehicle Parking Spaces

 

 

 

92

TOTAL REQUIRED

Vehicle Parking Spaces

 

 

 

SUBTERRANEAN SITE SECURE PARKING GARAGE STRUCTURES

A TECHNICAL STUDY

TBNC Edgemon Environmental Planners, Site Designers & Engineers Sunset libraria & gardenplace Subterranean Parking Garage Planning, San Diego, CA USA Edgemon 274107

Visit Off Site
Web Presence
@
www.pci.org

 

PRECAST / PRESTRESSED CONCRETE INSTITUTE

200 West Adams Street  ·  Suite 2100
Chicago   ·  Illinois   60606

312.786.0300  Contact   ·   312.786.0353  Facsimile

TBNC Edgemon Environmental Planners Site Designers & Engineers, Subterranean Parking Garage Sunset libraria * gardenplace San Diego, CA USA Edgemon
Copyright PCI 2010

 

Parking structures have become important elements in today's urban and suburban environments. Owners have realized that parking services represent the first and last impression a visitor receives of the facility, and that can be a pivotal factor when consumers decide where to do business. Even more, owners and designers both are acknowledging that parking structures must be designed specifically for the types of visitors that structure will serve, based on the facilities they support and the flow of daily traffic.

The need to create a parking structure that precisely fits the needs of the users cannot be stressed enough. Unless the facility is user-friendly, projecting a safe, secure, and easy to use environment, parkers will find other options. These needs have become too vital to their peace of mind to be left unmet by the owner and designer.

TBNC Edgemon Environmental Planners, Site Designers & Engineers, Construction Managers, Sunset libraria & gardenplace San Diego, CA Edgemon 274107 USA Doood

As a result, creating the best parking structure for the site, users, and budget requires a careful balance of all elements and a logical plan from start to finish. From the initial conception basics are decided until the parking structure opens, a host of choices must be made that will affect the final design and cost of the project—which ultimately will impact its value to the customer.

A PCI-Certified precaster can make a dramatic difference in the final result when allowed to be involved in the process from the beginning while key design decisions are being finalized. This expertise and input can minimize the cost and time needed to complete the project. By bringing the design professionals and precaster together before drawings are begun, owners can ensure maximum efficiency, speed, and use of funds.

 

SUBTERRANEAN GARAGE PARKING REPRESENTATIONAL IMAGE

 

STRUCTURAL DURABILITY AS A VITAL CORPORATE ASSET

Durability is the intrinsic value that allows precast prestressed concrete parking structures to outlive competing materials. The difference is quality concrete. The combination of low water-to-cement ratio and heat-cured concrete, achievable only in a factory environment, equals a high-strength, low-permeability, durable parking structure.

TBNC Edgemon Environmental Planners, Site Designers & Engineers Sunset libraria & gardenplace Subterranean Garage Structure San Diego, CA USA Edgemon 274107

Concrete exposed to moisture and chlorides perform best with low water/cement ratios and a compressive strength of five thousand [5,000] pounds per square inch [psi] minimum.

Precast/prestressed concrete is produced with concrete that exceeds these requirements, where as cast-in-place concrete normally does not meet these requirements. This criteria meets the recommendation of ASTM C94 and also is endorsed by knowledgeable designers. Additionally, research by the Federal Highway Administration [FHWA] has shown that concrete mixes with water/cement ratios that are .40 or lower have relatively high resistance to chlorides, while concrete with this water/cement ratio have much lower absorption characteristics than traditional cast-in-place concrete with water/cement ratios of 0.5 or greater.

A recent study by FHWA concluded that, "There is no doubt that water/cement ratio has a strong influence on chloride ingress into concrete." Obtaining these strengths and water/cement ratios in a plant is very economical compared to other constructions. In order to reach its maximum strength, concrete must be cured at the optimum rate, with precise moisture, temperature, and environmental conditions. Precast prestressed concrete products, which use this method, create high strength and impermeability. These optimum conditions are achieved daily in the plant, whereas it is not practical to perform them in the field. Studies of heat-cured concrete as used in the precaster's plant have shown decreases in water absorption and volume of permeable voids.

The main reinforcement, prestressing strand and/or reinforcing steel, is located in the bottom of the member. The advantage to this is that chloride concentration decreases with the concrete depth, which indicates that precast members should receive little effect from chlorides. For this same reason, the American Concrete Institute [ACI] recommends a cover of two [2"] inches over reinforcing steel in cast-in-place concrete, because some of its main reinforcement is in the top of the structure.

A 1996 report by the engineering firm of Wiss, Janney, Elstner Associates Inc. reports that in many cases, the rapid chloride ion test for determining the level of durability of concrete needed for a project may overstate the results or present potentially misleading comparisons, costing owners money by making them pay for methods and materials that aren't required. Among its findings was that the water/cement ratio was by far the most important indicator of durability, more so than curing method or other factors. Copies of the report are available from the Precast/Prestressed Concrete Institute.

 

HIGH-PERFORMANCE STRUCTURAL CONCRETE

"High-performance concrete" has been part of the day-to-day operation in the production of precast prestressed concrete since the first elements were cast.

High cement content and low water/cement ratios result in high early-strength and high ultimate-strength concrete with low permeability thereby providing resistance to chloride ion penetration. The dramatic and overpowering effect of the water/cement ratio on the chloride permeability of concrete requires that the potential advantages of "high performance" concrete, such as low water/cement-ratio, heat-cured concretes or those containing admixtures such as silica fume, be examined for comparison using realistic water/cement values for project applications.

One such comparison would be of a conventional cast-in-place concrete parking structure for which no specialty contractors or materials would be required. The concrete used in this hypothetical structure would be 0.46 w/c burlap-cured or 0.46 w/c burlap-cured concrete with 5.0 or 7.5 percent silica fume. A 0.37 w/c heat-cured concrete would be used in the precast prestressed deck, which has been shown by recent studies to be superior to the conventional system.

 

REPRESENTATIONAL STRUCTURAL ENGINEERING DETAILS

TBNC Edgemon Environmental Planners, Site Designers, Engineers & Contractors Sunset libraria & gardenplace San Diego, CA USA Edgemon CSLB  274107  Doooood

The ability for every structure to breathe is imperative because volume changes in a parking structure will always occur. These result from several factors, including natural shrinkage and creep that take place over time, as well as temperature changes through the year. With precast concrete, much of the shrinkage and creep occur at the production facility prior to erection.

Thus these early volume changes, which account for more than half of all expected volume changes ever to impact the structure, are eliminated with precast construction. Later routine expansion and contraction caused by temperature changes also are mitigated in a precast concrete parking structures due to the connection systems used to absorb these changes.

 

REPRESENTATIONAL STRUCTURAL ENGINEERING DETAILS

TBNC Edgemon Environmental Planners, Site Designers, Engineers & Contractors Sunset libraria & gardenplace Structural Components Sub-Garage, San Diego, CA USA Edgemon 274107

Methods for joining structural members also are evolving.

Connections need to meet a number of performance requirements that fall into two main categories: structural and protection from corrosion. The connections must allow for some movement as well as be protected from the elements. Currently, new techniques are being explored to offer even better connections that withstand the most difficult seismic conditions while still being able to erect the structure quickly by field crews.

Precasters in your market will be aware of the latest ideas for available products and techniques that can save money and time while producing a more durable and longer-lasting structure.

 

STRUCTURAL DESIGN FOR FUNCTIONALITY


Security, safety, and ease of use are critical elements for developing a user-friendly atmosphere. Not only must parking structures provide safe, secure locations for visitors, but they must actively exude that atmosphere to reassure parkers.


KEY ELEMENTS IN STRUCTURAL DESIGN

Key ingredients in projecting a safe and secure image are high, open spaces inside the parking structure without columns, plus well-lit walkways, elevators, and stairwells that provide high visibility.

These elements produce challenges for the designer, because they are difficult to balance with the need for internal structural supports and the cost of higher ceilings.

 

PROTOTYPICAL PASSIVE SITE SECURITY MEASURES

Passive-security features are those that are designed into the facility and provide a comforting element for parkers through the safe atmosphere they generate. These features include such design elements as creating an overall open space that eliminates possible dark corners, providing plenty of light sources, offering glass walls or an open design for stair and elevator cores, and installing video monitors.

Video Monitors are considered passive because their mere presence can deter predators. In addition, painting the interior ceilings with bright colors can greatly enhance ambient light levels and produce a more comfortable environment. Adding fencing at the lowest level opening will discourage intruders from easily entering the structure.

 

STRUCTURAL FRAMING SYSTEMS & APPLICATIONS

Long-span floor systems, such as provided by double tees and long-span beams, will provide good visibility. In addition, several new concepts for precast structural systems are gaining adherents and can improve the "safe and secure" atmosphere that is desired. Among these are "ladder" walls, and "K" and "H" frames, that can be used on both the interior and the exterior. These systems open the interior of the structure, eliminating some of the columns and shear walls that block visibility and cast shadows. They not only can create an attractive, expansive interior but save costs and allow greater freedom in laying out the space.

"Lite walls" [or "ramp walls"] offer another framing approach that has achieved notable success in some situations. These walls are used on inside column lines when there is a difference in elevation across a column line, as occurs adjacent to ramps. These walls can support one or more double tees per level. The "lite wall" offers several advantages if designers can take advantage of it in their layout. First, it takes less concrete material than needed for a typical column and beam system, making it more efficient. Second, the walls provide significantly more openness than in a column-to-interior spandrel system. This system sometimes doubles the actual openness of the interior wall lines. Third, they contribute to the lateral load-resisting system, thereby adding functional usability.

 

SITE DEVELOPMENT SIGNAGE & GRAPHICS PROGRAMS

TBNC Edgemon Environmental Planners, Site Designers & Engineers, Construction Managers Sunset libraria & gardenplace San Diego, CA USA Edgemon CSLB 274107

The type and amount of signage also directly impacts the security and safety perceptions of a parking structure.

These "wayfinding" systems include a variety of directional signs and identification pieces that help traffic flow smoothly and ensure parkers easily can remember where they left their cars. Basic programs include putting directional markers for Elevators and Exits at every corner and along the ceiling in locations visible from many angles as well as coding each floor with a color, a memorable name, or both.

 

PROTOTYPICAL SITE SAFETY MEASURES

Safety in a parking structure focuses on the protection of the parkers' vehicles as well as the patrons' protection from slips and falls, vehicle accidents, and other mishaps that can occur when a structure is open to the elements and has continuous foot and vehicle traffic around and through it.

Project Owners should create an on-going program that focuses on key safety needs. Designers and the precaster can help ensure a program is developed that helps the owner achieve these goals.

 

REPRESENTATIONAL CATEGORIES OF BUILDING CODES & ORDINANCES

The model building codes typically define parking structures in two categories: open parking structures and parking garages. An open parking structure relies upon facade openness for natural ventilation and does not require a fire sprinkler system when built of concrete. The requirement for openness varies somewhat by what code is used.

Parking structures that don't meet the openness requirements are called closed parking garages and usually require a mechanical ventilation system or air shaft and sometimes a fire-suppression sprinkler system. Some code jurisdictions classify basement parking areas as open parking structures when adequate natural ventilation is provided by areaways or light wells. It should be noted that gross floor areas may be limited by openness criteria and the type of structural system. Also, required travel distances to stair exitways vary by code.

 

FLOOR-TO-CEILING CLEARANCES AND ADA APPLICABILITY


A minimum ceiling clearance of seven [7'] feet is recommended and stipulated in several of the codes.

Often designers will increase the clearance to the underside of beams and double tee stems to 7'-6" or more to provide a greater feeling of spaciousness and provide better readability of overhead signs. In fact some parking structures have a typical clearance of over nine [9'] feet. In areas providing access to ADA [Americans with Disabilities Act] Federally Mandated parking spaces, 8'-2" minimum clearance to all overhead obstructions is required. If they can't be located outside the structure, drop off zones particularly for ADA requirements may have as much as 9'-6" clearance.

 

REPRESENTATIONAL LIGHTING DESIGN & APPLICATIONS CRITERIA


The Illuminating Engineering Society of North America [IES] design guidelines for parking facility lighting are:

Source: RP-20 Lighting for Parking Facilities, Illuminating Engineering Society of North America, August, 1984.
Notes:

1.  Sum of electric lighting and daylight.

2.  Entrance area is defined as the portal or physical entrance to the covered portion of the parking structure to a point fifteen [15m] meters [50'] beyond the edge of the covering into the structure.

3.  Vertical illuminance at 1.8 meters [6 feet] above the pavement should equal above values.

4.  Emergency lighting should provide a minimum of approximately ten [10%] percent of the above lighting levels or as required by local code.

5.  Footcandles is the unit of measure of total light on a surface. One lumen falling on a surface of one square foot produces one footcandle.

TBNC Edgemon Environmental Planners, Site Designers & Engineers, Construction Managers, tooo, Sunset libraria & gardenplace San Diego, CA USA Edgemon CSLB 274107

 

TBNc Edgemon Environmental Planners, Site Designers & Engineers, Construction Managers Sunset libraria & gardenplace San Diego, CA USA Edgemon CSLB 274107 Edgemon

 

TBNc Edgemon Environmental Planners, Site Designers & Engineers, Construction Managers Sunset libraria & gardenplace San Diego, CA, USA CSLB Edgemon 274107

 

PROJECT THEMED GRAPHICS & ARCHITECTURAL SIGNAGE PROGRAM

Themed Architectural Graphics and Signage play a significant role in how both vehicles and pedestrians circulate through a parking structure.

Entrances and exits should be well designated, not only architecturally but also with signage such as "Enter," "Entry," or "Entrance." The signage can be developed using reflective material, neon, backlit, or Light Emitting Diode [L.E.D.].

The signage must be "user friendly" and make the entrances and exits to the facility as identifiable as possible. Entry signage also must list minimum clearance designation, which is often developed with a "headknocker". This can be made from chains, plastic pipe, or some other device that will hit the top of the vehicle and alert the driver if the vehicle is too high to enter the facility without causing damage to the vehicle.

Barrier-free parking spaces require additional headroom for van-accessible spaces and may require the use of two "headknockers," one set for van-accessible height [8'-2"] and an additional bar located beyond the van spaces for the rest of the facility.

Secondary or pedestrian signage should direct the users from their parking space to the appropriate stair and elevator. This signage should be over the drive-aisle end of the parking space and placed in the direction of the pedestrian flow. In addition to stair/elevator directional signs, pedestrian signs should be provided to direct the parker to emergency assistance call boxes, sound monitors, etc., as well as to specific destinations.

Both vehicular and pedestrian signage should minimize or eliminate conflicts between vehicles and pedestrians and reinforce the individual's natural directional inclination.

 

SITE SPECIFIC PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE PROGRAMS

TBNc Edgemon Environmental Planners, Engineers, Site Designers & Contractors Sunset libraria & gardenplace San Diego, CA USA Edgemon 274107

General preventive maintenance is performed on a periodic basis and includes:

• A twice-a-year wash down
• Sealing cracks
• Reapplying of floor sealers and cleaning necessary reapplication
• Maintaining sealants [caulking]
• Maintaining roofing and related sheet material
• Painting/repainting
• Maintaining masonry, including repointing and recaulking
• Tightening guard rail bolts and guard rail strand

The owner has basic control over the durability of a parking structure.

If the owner chooses to invest in durability features in the original construction, the future preventive maintenance and repair costs will be small.

Therefore, it is prudent that the owner, not the operator, be responsible for preventive maintenance and repairs to protect his investment.

 

The preventive maintenance schedule, when used diligently, will help in extending the parking structure's useful life and reduce costly repairs.

 

SITE SPECIFIC PERIODIC STRUCTURAL CONDITION AUDIT


It is strongly recommended that the parking structure owner retain an engineer experienced in parking structure design and restoration to periodically [e.g., once every three years] perform a condition audit of the parking structure.

The deterioration of parking structures due to deicing salts and ocean salts is a complex electrochemical phenomenon. Some remedial actions, such as overlaying a slab with an asphalt wearing course without an underlying waterproof membrane, can actually accelerate the deterioration of a parking structure slab. An engineer with confirmed capability in restoration of parking structures will see potential problems that will not be apparent to the inexperienced or untrained person. Some parking structure owners have a"walk-through" condition audit conducted by an independent consultant annually.

 

TBNC Edgemon Environmental Planners, Site Designers, Engineers & Contractors Sunset libraria & gardenplace San Diego, CA USA Edgemon 274107

 


 

 

STRUCTURAL ENGINEERING

TBNC Edgemon Sunset libraria & gardenplace San Diego, CA, USA Edgemon Environmental Planners, Site Designers & Engineers, Construction Managers CSLB 274107 Edgemon

Structural engineering is a field of engineering dealing with the analysis and design of structures that support or resist loads. Structural engineering is usually considered a specialty within civil engineering, but it can also be studied in its own right. Structural engineers are most commonly involved in the design of buildings and large nonbuilding structures however they can also be involved in the design of machinery, medical equipment, vehicles or any item where structural integrity affects the item's function or safety.

Structural engineers must ensure their designs satisfy given design criteria, predicated on safety [e.g. structures must not collapse without due warning] or serviceability and performance [e.g. building sway must not cause discomfort to the occupants. Buildings are made to endure massive loads as well as changing climate and natural disasters.


STUDY CREDIT

Structural engineering theory is based upon physical laws and empirical knowledge of the structural performance of different landscapes and materials. Structural engineering design utilizes a relatively small number of basic structural elements to build up structural systems that can be very complex. Structural engineers are responsible for making creative and efficient use of funds, structural elements and materials to achieve these goals0.

Structural engineers are responsible for engineering design and analysis. Entry-level structural engineers may design the individual structural elements of a structure, for example the beams, columns, and floors of a building. More experienced engineers would be responsible for the structural design and integrity of an entire system, such as a building.

Structural engineers often specialize in particular fields, such as bridge engineering, building engineering, pipeline engineering, industrial structures, or special mechanical structures such as vehicles or aircraft.

Structural engineering has existed since humans first started to construct their own structures. It became a more defined and formalized profession with the emergence of the architecture profession as distinct from the engineering profession during the industrial revolution in the late 19th century. Until then, the architect and the structural engineer were usually one and the same - the master builder. Only with the development of specialised knowledge of structural theories that emerged during the 19th and early 20th centuries did the professional structural engineer come into existence.

The role of a structural engineer today involves a significant understanding of both static and dynamic loading, and the structures that are available to resist them. The complexity of modern structures often requires a great deal of creativity from the engineer in order to ensure the structures support and resist the loads they are subjected to. A structural engineer will typically have a four or five year undergraduate degree, followed by a minimum of three years of professional practice before being considered fully qualified.

Structural engineers are licensed or accredited by different learned societies and regulatory bodies around the world (for example, the Institution of Structural Engineers in the UK). Depending on the degree course they have studied and/or the jurisdiction they are seeking licensure in, they may be accredited [or licensed] as just structural engineers, or as civil engineers, or as both civil and structural engineers.

 

 

Return to Top of THIS PAGE

Return to TBNC Home Page

 

an interdisciplinary planning & design collaboration

www.TBNC-California.com

7040 AVENIDA ENCINAS   ·  SUITE 104.299
CARLSBAD    ·   CALIFORNIA   92011.4652

 

760.729.9231 CORPORATE    ·    760.434.5869 FACSIMILE

 

 

© 2008-2017 COPYRIGHT

All components and elements depicted within this publication, including the design, configuration, narrative and discussions,
and the presentation in abstract, unless otherwise stated, is the sole property of TBNC.

Copyright and other Intellectual Property Laws protect this material.

Reproduction or transmission of this material, in whole or in part, in any manner, without the prior written consent
of the copyright holder, is a violation of copyright law.